HPexamI - HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE I: EXAM I STUDY GUIDE MQs...

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HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE I: EXAM I STUDY GUIDE MQs Mesopotamia : a civilization created by the Sumerians; located in the ancient near east or fertile crescent, which encompassed land with access to water; agriculture was established with flood management and irrigation systems; by 3000 B.C. Mesopotamia included several city-states such as Eridu, Ur, Uruk, Umma, and Lagash; “land between the rivers” Tigris River : ran parallel to the Euphrates River; starts in the Persian Gulf then travels northeast through the Fertile Crescent and ends south of the Black Seas and Caucasus Mountains; cities of Nineveh, Ashur, Umma, and Lagash are located on it Euphrates River : runs parallel to the Tigris River, but in a slightly more southern fashion; starts in the Persian Gulf; travels through the Fertile Crescent and ends southwest from the Black Sea; the cities of Babylo, Uruk, and Ur are located along its banks Akkad : located in the Fertile Crescent, to the southwest of the Tigris River Sumer : located in the delta between the Eurphrates and Tigris Rivers, south of Akkad Ur : city-state of the Sumerian civilization; located along the Euphrates River, in the Fertile Crescent, in Sumer Uruk : “ ”; north of Ur; home of Gilgamesh in the Epic of Gilgamesh Babylon : located between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers; north from Uruk Nile River : of central important to the development of the Egyptian Civilization; a unique river, beginning in the heart of Africa and coursing northward for thousands of miles, ending the Mediterranean Sea; longest river in the world Egypt : lower begins in the delta and triangular-shaped territory below the Mediterranean Sea; upper the land upstream and to the south; important cities include Giza, Memphis, Akhetateh, Thebes and Karnak Giza : important city in Egypt; located along the Nile river; many pyramids, including the Great Pyramid are located here; just south of the delta Thebes : “ ”; South of the Nubian Desert, but north of Karnak; capitol of Egypt; center of religious temples Palestine : located north of Egypt; along the western Mediterranean Sea coast; south from Phoenicia Phoenicia : located south of Mesopotamia and the Lebanon Mts., along the western Mediterranean Sea coast Anatolia : located along the northwestern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, south from the Black Sea, west of the Aegean Sea; includes the Taurus Mts. Greece Attica : located in the modern day Greece; east of the Aegean Sea, north from the Mediterranean Sea; home of Athens; Mts. to the north and west, sea to south an east Peloponnesus : a peninsula, connected around Corinth to the Attica area; located south of the Gulf of Corinth, west of the Ionian Sea, north of the Mediterranean Sea, east of the Aegean Sea; was virtually an island connected by a narrow land bridge; consisted of mostly hills, mountains and small valleys; cities of Sparta, Olympia, and Corinth Boeotia : northwest of Attica, east of the Aegean Sea, north of the Mediterranean Sea; central
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course CUR 100 taught by Professor Freiert during the Fall '07 term at Gustavus.

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HPexamI - HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE I: EXAM I STUDY GUIDE MQs...

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