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biblequiz3 - Study Guide for Quiz 3 to be taken Monday Dec...

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Study Guide for Quiz # 3: to be taken Monday, Dec. 4 Material for this quiz can be found in: Fant – chapters 16, 17, 18, 20 & 21 The film we viewed. Approaches of Jesus and John, important cities and sites of Jesus’ ministry, importance of parables. Lecture notes through Wed., Nov. 29 (Jesus, Gospels, and intro to Paul) Know the character of the various Jewish groups active at the time of Jesus. Know key characters like Herod and Pilate You should know as much as possible about the Two-Source theory for the emergence of the synoptic gospels – who used what sources, dates of composition, audiences for the writers, etc. What is the basic meaning of Justification by faith? What is the function of Law? What is the nature of God’s grace in salvation? Vocab: Gnosticism Sepphoris Diaspora Christos Josephus “Gospel” Passion Apocalyptic
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MY NOTES Ch. 16 “The Life & Teachings of Jesus” Christians: seek to follow the teachings of Jesus & who trust of accept Jesus as both Christ (the anointed, or chosen one, of God) and Lord (having authority over life) *Sources of Information: Synoptic Gospels: Matthew, Mark & Luke; Synoptic means “to see together”, it refers to those Gospels that essentially view the ministry of Jesus the same way John-follows a different chronology & approach to the ministry of Jesus & is therefore not one of the Synoptic Gospels *Jewish sources: Very few references to Jesus occur in Jewish writings Josephus, Jewish historian, says more about the Essenes than about Christians, but he does say that Jesus was wise & righteous, and attracted Jewish & Gentile followers, was crucified by Pilates orders & his followers did not abandon his discipleship *Roman Sources: The only references to Jesus by Roman writers are in the context of their complaints about the new sect called “Christian” which they regarded as a mischievous superstition 2 important facts emerge: 1) the Romans knew of a groups known as Christians who were in Rome prior of 64 C.E., possibly prior to 49 C.E. & who held Jesus as an object of worship 2) Jesus, the founder of this faith, was a historical person who was executed at the hands of the Roman procurator of Judea during the reign of the emperor Tiberius *Christian Sources: New Testament apocryphic writings attempted to fill in the details about Jesus’ life, but in actuality were just legends “agratha”: literally, “not written” reputed sayings of Jesus that were not written in the New Testament Gospels *Obstacles to achieving a biography of Jesus The “primary” material on the life of Jesus was written subsequent to & in the light of conclusions to which Christians had come after his death Gospels were written to convey both fact & faith, not one or the other *Core elements of a life sketch of Jesus 3 criteria are frequently employed: 1) Dissimilarity: words/actions of Jesus could not have been produced by traditional Jesus or early church practice 2) independent attestation:
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