anthro3 - Key*=additional ~=vocab CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY...

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CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY EXAM #3 Key: *=additional, ~=vocab. Textbook [Ch.10: Gender] ~gender: the roles that people perform in their households & communities & the values & attitudes that ~sex: biological differences between males & females ~gender construct (gender model): the set of cultural assumptions about genders roles & values & the relations between the genders that people learn as members of their societies ~transvestism: dressing in the clothes usually worn by member of the opposite gender ~berdaches: male two-spirits in some Native American societies who adopted some of the economic & social roles of women ~two-spirits: in Native American societies, males who adopted some of the social & economic roles of men ~Gender Roles: constellations of rights, duties, attitudes, & behaviors that are culturally associates w/ ea. other ~Gender Relations: norms of interaction between men & women, which may reflect differences in the ~Gender Equality: a constellation of behaviors, attitudes, & rights that support the autonomy of both ~Male Dominance: a constellation of behavior & attitudes that grant men access to roles of prestige & ~Gender Gap: the difference in wages & income earned by men & women for comparable work ~Cult of Domesticity: constellation of beliefs popular in the late 19 th th centuries that promote the notion that women were, by nature & biology, suited to the domestic tasks of nurturing & caring for ~Social Reproduction: the care & sustenance of people who will be able to contribute productively to society ~wealth: economic resources whether in land, goods, or money ~power: the ability to exert control over the actions of other people & to make decisions that affect them ~ascribes status: a social position that a person attains at birth; a person is born into an ascribed status ~ranked societies: societies in which people or, more usually, kinship groups are ordered on a continuum in relation to ea. other ~egalitarian societies: societies in which all members have equal access to value resources, including ~stratified societies: societies in which people have differential access to valued resources, including ~social stratification: division of labor into two or more groups, or strata, that are hierarchically ordered ~elites: members of a social group in a stratified society who have privileges denied to the majority of
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anthro3 - Key*=additional ~=vocab CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY...

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