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Unformatted text preview: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE I: EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE Test: MQs-5 places & 10 Pts, identification (2 facts, topics taken from SQs) 5 nouns & 10 Pts, SQs (know dates & 5 facts), EQ-50 Pts MQs [Ch.5, Spievogel Pg.115] Appenine Mts. : Alps : Tyrrhenian Sea : Adriatic Sea : Rome : Veii : Brindisium : Carthage : Latium : Tiber River : Etruria : Campania : Samnutes : Italy : Cisalpine Gaul : Transalpine Gaul : Spain : Africa : Achaea : Asia : Parthia : [Ch.7, Spievogel, Pg.186] Constantinople : Milan : [Ch.8, Spievogel, Pg. 202] Saxony : Papal States: Burgundy : Aquitaine : Brittany : Aachen : SQs [Ch.5 Spievogel Pg.106-136] Etruscans : the initial development of Rome was influenced most by these people who had settled north of Rome in Etruria; they were a city-dwelling people who established their towns in commanding positions & fortified them w/ walls; adopted alphabetic writing from the Greeks before 600 B.C.; the origins of these people is still not clear, but after 650 B.C., they expanded into Italy and became the dominant cultural and economic force in a number of areas; transformed villages into towns and cities, brought urbanization to northern and central Italy; Rome was their most famous creation 753 B.C : founding of Rome; according to legend, by twin brothers Romulus and Remus (made up to provide a noble ancestry for their city); people spoke in Latin Fasces : an ax surrounded by a bundle of rods used as a symbol for the power to scourge and execute, hence to rule; adopted from the Etruscans Lucretia : associated with the end of both monarchy and Etruscan domination with the rape of Lucretia; she was a noblewomen of great virtue; raped by the son of the king; informed family members, then committed suicide “rather than be an example of unchastity to other wives,” became the model Roman women: faithful wife, pure, and courageous women who chose death rather than to be seen as lacking in virtue; the story has little historical foundation Imperium : “the right to command”; Roman clear concept of executive authority; the chief magistrates of the Roman state exercised a supreme power that was circumscribed only by extraneous means—officials held office for limited terms & could be tried for offenses committed in office once their term ended; political institutions changed, but the concept did not; it is the one fact that gives Roman constitutional history continuity & unity Consul : two were chose annually; possessed imperium; administered the gov’t & led the Roman army into battle Praetor : in 336 this new office was created; could govern Rome when the consuls were away from the cities; primary function was the execution of justice; he was in charge of civil law as it applied to Roman citizens; in 242 B.C., reflecting Rome’s growth, another was added to judge cases in which one or both parties were noncitizens Senate : came to hold an especially important position in the Republic; (i.e.) council of elders was a select group of about 300 men who served for life; not a legislative body & could only advise the...
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- Fall '07
- Ancient Rome, Roman Army, tiber river