APWH2Sem - Ch 20 1.Which social class(es did NOT pay taxes...

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Ch. 20 1.Which social class(es) did NOT pay taxes before the Revolution of 1789? c. the first and second estates 2. During the French Revolution, the sansculottes were: a. radical revolutionaries who came from the urban mob 3. Which of the following remain(s) a part of Napoleon’s legacy as rule of France? d. the Bank of France, the University System, the Civil Law Code 4. The principal architecture of the “Congress System” that prevailed in Europe during the first half of the 1800s was: a. Metternich 5. Great Britain’s First Reform Act did which of the following? b. it improved districting and the operation of the voting system 6. The Dreyfus Affair: c. was a miscarriage of justice that split French society and demonstrated a spirit of anti-Semitism there 7. According to the terms of the 1897 Augsleich , the Austrians agreed to rule their empire jointly with: a. the Hungarians 8. The hallmark of Alexander II’s reign in Russia was: e. his emancipation of Russia’s serfs 9. Which of the following best describes the struggle of the 19 th century feminists in Europe and the U.S.? b. Feminists struggled for the vote, but also for social reform in areas such as education and temperance. 10. Charles Darwin’s accomplishments can best be summed up as follows: d. He was the first satisfactorily to explain the concept of evolution, by means of the theory of natural selection. Ch. 21 1. The industrial Revolution is generally considered to have begun in: c. England 2. The widespread application of what device played the largest part in beginning the Industrial Revolution? e. the steam engine 3. The Enclosure Acts affected the Industrail Revolution by: a. driving peasants off their land and thereby creating the workforce needed for factories and mines 4. What was the first major trade to be fully power-driven and industrialized? b. the textile industry 5. the Bessemer process allowed the cost-effective and reliable production of: a. steel 6. What effect did 19 th century industrialization have on Europe’s aristocratic class? c. Industrialization gradually weakened the power and prestige of the aristocratic class.
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7. Which of the following was NOT among the Western world’s industrial leaders during most of the 19 th century? a. Austria 8. Who was the originator of the “iron law of wages”? d. David Ricardo 9. Which of the following best characterizes standard Marxist doctrine? b. the struggle between properties classes and laboring classes is the determining force in all human affairs. 10. How did industrialization affect the Atlantic slave trade? c. Industrialization of the textile trade increased the demand for U.S. cotton and revived slavery for several decades. Ch. 22
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APWH2Sem - Ch 20 1.Which social class(es did NOT pay taxes...

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