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Module 3 - Module 3: Constitutional Law Lesson 3A...

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Module 3: Constitutional LawLesson 3A – Introduction to Constitutional LawConstitutional Law-Createsour institutions of government-Regulatesrelationships between the branches of government-Constrainsthe way in which government interacts with individualsoE.g. protection for fundamental rights and freedomsBranches of Government-The legislative branchoIncludes elected House of Commons and appointed senate at the federal level, and the electedlegislatures at the provincial leveloAbility to make legislatures-The executive branchoGovernment officials, such as Prime Minister, Provincial Premiers, and their appointed officials such asministersoResponsible under the Constitution for carrying out/administering the laws of the legislative branch-The judiciary branchoCharged with interpreting and enforcing the lawoResolving disputes about the law and the Constitution-All 3 branches work togetherWhat is the Constitution of Canada?
What makes the Constitution special?
20
-Important constitutional features of the Courts-Allow the constitution to evolve over time, within limits, to ensure it remains relevant and can achieve thepurposes for which it was created-Gives judges a role in determining whether legislation complies with the Constitution and enforcing theConstitution-Independence from Government which involves security of tenor for judges, financial security, and independentin the court internal administrative mattersLesson 3B – Federalism & the Division of PowersOur system of government-Divides jurisdictionoEffectively divides the power to make law between the federal and provincial governments-Provincial powers protectregional interests-Federal powers servenational interests-A single national government holding all legislative powers will not protect the unique interests of the provinceso

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Term
Summer
Professor
N/A
Tags
Law, Government, Constitutional Law, Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, Constitution of Canada

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