ch.31

ch.31 - Ch. 31 "The War to End War" WORLD WAR I...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ch. 31 “The War to End War” WORLD WAR I ERA The Sinking of the Falaba , March 1915 Source: www.andrews.esc18.net Who: British passenger steamer and German U-boat Who: British Naval Zone What: A British passenger steamer, the Falaba, was sunk by a German submarine on March 28. American citizen Leon C. Thrasher drowned. Sig.: The first American casualty from the German practice of sinking merchant ships in European waters. Begins discussion of neutral rights with Germany. The Attack on the Gulflight , May 1, 1915 Who: American steamer and German U-boat Where: European war zone What: German U-boats targeted the Gulflight , claiming to not see its neutral markings. The attack killed three crewmembers, two of those Americans. The ship was heavily damaged but survived. Sig.: The attack served as a precursor to the madness that was soon to erupt. Source: www.lib.byu.edu Wilson’s Fourteen Points Address on January 9, 1918 Source: ( The American Pageant ) Who: Delivered to Congress What: Alluring promises to inspire Allies- (1) abolish secret treaties (2) freedom of the seas (3) removal of economic barriers (4) reduction of armament burdens (5) adjustment of colonial claims (--) independence to minority groups (14) League of Nations Sig: Aimed to secure political independence, territorial integrity of all countries; boosted morale of Allies; demoralized the enemy governments by holding out alluring promises to their dissatisfied minorities; (1) pleased liberals of all countries (2) appealed to Germans, and Americans who distrusted British (3) pleased Germany (4) pleased taxpayers (5) reassuring to anti-imperialists (14) would provide a system of collective security , in theory. Henry Cabot Lodge during Wilson’s term (circa 1919) Who: Republican senator; chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations What: Loathed Wilson; the feeling was mutual; strongly opposed Treaty of Versailles; created fourteen formal reservations to it, which reserved the rights of the U.S. under the Monroe Doctrine and the Constitution and otherwise sought to protect American sovereignty Sig: Presented Treaty with Lodge reservations; created such a division that the treaty was ultimately defeated. Signifies beginning of isolationism that runs all the way to 12-7-41. Source: ( The American Pageant ) Treaty of Versailles June 28, 1919 Who: Endorsed by Wilson, opposed by a great number of critics, such as isolationists, Hun-haters, liberals, "hyphenated" Americans What: Attempted to reconcile and weaken Germany, but too harsh and too weak to do either; controversial Article X morally bound the United States to aid any member victimized by external aggression Sig: Some historians believe this treaty is to blame for Hitler’s ascent and WWII (the U.S. did not sign it; Hitler used the harsh treaty to prove that the Germans were unfairly treated and should re-arm). Source: ( http://momo.essortment.com/versaillestrea_reif.htm ) Red scare 1919-1920
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course ? ? taught by Professor ? during the Spring '07 term at Gustavus.

Page1 / 3

ch.31 - Ch. 31 "The War to End War" WORLD WAR I...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online