Ch.34,35 - Ch.34&35 NEW DEAL President Franklin Delano...

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Ch.34&35 NEW DEAL President Franklin Delano Roosevelt from 1933-1945 What: Only President to be elected 4 times, created the New Deal and began to move government in a social welfare state direction. One black mark on his presidency was he attempted to stack the Supreme Court with pro New Deal Judges Sig: The 1 st 100 days (and the Second New Deal in 1935) helped move the U.S. towards a social welfare state—thus to argue that the U.S. is “capitalistic” to the exclusion of other issues is wrong; to argue that the U.S. is “socialistic” to the exclusion of other issues is wrong. The U.S. is capitalistic, but as a result of Progressive-inspired regulations, the capitalistic economy is controlled, and as a result of New Deal-inspired relief, U.S. has significant social welfare programs but is not “socialistic.” Think of balance in answering essay questions. Source: AP777-806 100 Days: “alphabet agencies 1933= FDR’s 1 st 100 days in office Who: Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Congress What: FDR creates CCC-Civilian Conservation Corps that employed 3 million men who worked on various environmental jobs. FERA- Federal Emergency Relief Act, which granted about $3 billion to states for direct payments for wages on work projects. AAA- Agricultural Adjustment Act made available millions to help farmers pay their mortgages. HOLC- Home Owners Loan Corporation, which refinanced mortgages of non-farm homes. CWA- Civil Works Administration created purely temporary jobs doing labor such as leaf raking. Sig: Restored some faith in the government and democratic system, helped employ many jobless citizens Source: AP780-785 Second New Deal 1935—3 Acts Who: Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Congress What: FDR created 1) WPA - Works Progress Administration which spent $11Billion employing 9 million to work on thousands of public buildings, bridges, roads, and arts projects. 2) Social Security . 3) Wagner Act , giving workers right to organize and bargain with representatives of their own choosing. Sig.: Legacy of these three acts is with us in 2004, especially Social Security (which was upgraded as part of Lyndon Johnson’s “Great Society” in 1965 to include Medicare). Source: AP783-785 Father Coughlin 1930-1942 Who: A Catholic Priest named Father Coughlin; Where: Michigan What: A priest who broadcasted “social justice.” He spoke to 40 Million over the radio, he was anti New Deal. Became so anti-Semitic that his ecclesiastical superiors silenced him. Sig: Stirred up displaced anger in citizens. Was one of the radicals who pushed New Deal reforms—collectively one of many demagogues who could have pushed the U.S. towards totalitarianism had it not been for FDR and his New Deal reforms. Source: AP785 Huey Long 1935 Source: AP785 Who: Governor of Louisiana What: An outgoing populist, who pursued progressive policies as governor of Louisiana, also served in 1930 as a Senator.
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