Ch.32,33 - Ch. 32, 33 "American Life in the ,Roaring...

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Red scare 1919-1920 Who: Targeted communists and other radicals What: Crusade against left-wingers; provoked by Bolshevik revolution 1917, strikes; antired statutes made unlawful the mere advocacy of violence to secure social change; five members of NY legislature denied because they were Socialists 1920; good for businesspeople defeated fledgling unions; "judicial lynching" Sig: Abuse to free speech; " radicals vigorously prosecuted.” Source: (The American Pageant) NEW ERA: THE 1920s Harding Scandals 1921-27 Who: President Warren G. Harding What: Many of the Cabinet members were involved in crooked dealings. Colonel Charles R. Forbes stole $200 million from government. (1923) Albert B. Fall in the Teapot Dome scandal sold oil reserved for the Navy. Fall took bribes from oilmen Sinclair and Doheny, but he was sent to jail, not them. (1921-23) Attorney General Daugherty sold liquor permits and pardons, but was acquitted after two juries did not reach a verdict. (1924-27) Sig: American people lost trust in the government and courts and completely disgraced Republican Party. Source: AP753-758 Jazz Age 1920's Where: New Orleans then to rest of America What: New music came about that was the most native to American than any other music. Many teens, many of whom were bootleggers, listened during the "era of wonderful nonsense." In this era, sex was helping marketing and kissing became less and less of a commitment. This music represented that culture. Sig: Lives of Americans changed as their morals did. American jazz music swept the nation. Source: AP 746,748, 733-735 Harlem Renaissance (The New Negro Movement) 1920-1930 Source: %7Ediesmanj/harlem_intro.html , AP748. Who: African-Americans began to express themselves through art. Where: Upper (Harlem) and Lower (Greenwich) Manhattan, New York. What: Initially starting as a series of literary discussions, became large cultural movement. Langston Hughes is the must- know person here. Sig: Celebrated the culture of African-Americans. Beginning of self-conscious American African identity. Prohibition, Bootlegging 1919-1933 Who: Supported in West (attacked all vices: drunkenness, crime, prostitutes) and South (keep blacks in their place), but not in East (required social activity). What: The 18th Amendment says, "manufacture, sale or transportation of intoxicating liquors . . . is hereby prohibited." This law was very difficult to enforce. Bottles of high liquor content were favored, and bootlegging was common, achieved and numerous. Lives changed, hypocrites made and people were left unhappy, but the booze was still out there for the public. The 21st Amendment (1933) repealed the 18th Amendment (1919). The repeal was encouraged by Roosevelt to raise money
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course ? ? taught by Professor ? during the Spring '07 term at Gustavus.

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Ch.32,33 - Ch. 32, 33 "American Life in the ,Roaring...

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