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Unformatted text preview: THE AGE OF JEFFERSON, 1800-1816 Election of 1800- the "Revolution of 1800" Who: Thomas Jefferson, Aaron Burr, and House of Representatives What: Jefferson and Burr were at a deadlock for the presidency, so the election was taken to the House of Representatives in which case they voted and Jefferson won the Presidency while Burr got the Vice Presidency. Sig: The 12th Amendment was added to the Constitution (1804) where the president and vice president were specifically named on the ballots. The “revolution” involved the peaceful and orderly transfer of power after a bitterly contested election. [AP215] Louisiana Purchase 1803 What: The US purchased 828,000 square miles of land from France for 15 million dollars. Sig: It doubled the size of the US by expanding it to the Rocky Mountains and down to the middle of present day New Mexico back to present day Louisiana. Also gave the US, finally, the important port in New Orleans. Fueled Nationalism —this was a national event. Source: AP221-222 Lewis and Clark Expedition 1804-06 What: Jefferson sent Louis and Clark to explore the Louisiana Purchase that was bought from France. They went up the Missouri River were they met Indians and Sacagawea was their "guide". Their travels brought them to the Pacific Ocean. They took records of the new animals and plants that have not been discovered by the Americans. Sig: First to explore the new land, and first Americans to reach the Pacific Ocean overland. Their records were the first accounts of the wildlife in the area. The expedition was a spectacular and wildly popular success story, and all Americans took great pride in the accomplishment (fuels Nationalism ). [AP222] Marbury v. Madison 1803 Who: Marbury, Madison, and Marshall What: The decision struck down a part of the Judiciary Act of 1789, and thus established the concept of “judicial review.” The Marshall court struck down a federal law here; in 1819, in McCulloch v Maryland , the Marshall court struck down a state (Maryland) law. Sig.: Judicial review is the most significant concept to remember coming out of the Marshall court. This concept constitutes judicial nationalism, in that the US Supreme Court has the authority to strike down a state or federal law if the Court determines the laws to be unconstitutional. [AP218] Aaron Burr 1801-1807 Where: Washington D.C. and Louisiana What: Aaron Burr strongly disliked Hamilton because he disrespected his views. So he challenged Hamilton to a duel and killed Hamilton. He went to Louisiana and bought some land and was going to take over the western side of Spanish Florida, but General James Wilkinson turned Burr in. Burr was tried for treason but he was acquitted and he fled to Europe....
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- Spring '07
- The American, internal improvements, American sailors, grimy republican thumbprint