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Ch.25&26 - Ch 25 26 Treaty of Fort Laramie 1868 Who...

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Ch. 25 & 26 Treaty of Fort Laramie 1868 Who: U.S. Government and Sioux Indian Tribes (Chief Red Cloud) Where: Western Plains What: The treaty ensured that the government would abandon the Bozeman Trail to the Montana gold fields, and the "Great Sioux Reservation" was given to the Sioux tribes. The sacred ground of the Powder River country would be respected. Sig. THIS IS ONE OF THE FEW INDIAN VICTORIES IN AMERICAN HISTORY—GIVE RED CLOUD THE CREDIT. Source: AP593 Washita River battle--1868 Who: Col. George Armstrong Custer and the Seventh Cavalry Where: In the field of Washita River (western Oklahoma) What: Custer and the Seventh Cavalry essentially ambushed an Indian village, killing at least 146 Indians and confiscating thousands of pounds of vital supplies from the Indians. Only 35 U.S. soldiers died. Sig.: This battle represents a major offensive move against the Native Americans during the Indian Wars. The savage warfare tactics used by the Indians previously had caused a widespread fear and hatred of all Native Americans. Custer, in speaking of the Indian attacks and counter-attacks, said the Indians “awakened a bitter feeling toward the savage perpetrators.” Source: AP 593, New York Times Nov. 30, 1868. Little Big Horn 1876 Who: Sioux, Cheyenne, Colonel Custer’s 7th Cavalry Where: Little Big Horn River, Montana What: Custer’s cavalry was sent out to suppress Indians and bring them to a reservation, but the Indians fought back and killed everyone in the cavalry. Sig: The U.S. 7 th rode into the largest encampment of Indians in U.S. history. News of the defeat strengthened U.S. resolve to bring the Indians to the reservations and a series of battles, won by the U.S., succeeded in doing so by the end of 1877. Source: AP593-4 Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse Source: Google: http://home.online.no/~indtrail/indsteng.html Where/When: Little Big Horn, 1876 What: The two Indian leaders banded together and fought Colonel Custer at Little Big Horn. Sitting Bull and his tribe were pursued into Canada, but returned four years later. He then joined Buffalo Bill’s Wild West show, and then was sent to a reservation. Crazy Horse also went to a reservation. Both of them were killed on reservations. Sig: Indian resistance was wearing out. The deaths of these two great leaders spelled the end of Plains Indian capability to resist the white man. Chief Joseph Who: Chief Joseph and a band of Nez Percé Indians Where/When: Pacific Northwest, 1877 What: Authorities tried to herd the Nez Percé Indians onto a reservation in 1877, starting in northeastern Oregon. A three- month pursuit followed as the Indians tried to reach Canada. He was tricked into thinking that his tribe would be returned to ancestral lands, but instead they were turned over to a reservation where 40% of them died.
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  • Spring '07
  • ?
  • Native Americans in the United States, George Armstrong Custer, Little Big Horn, Sioux, Battle of the Little Bighorn

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Ch.25&26 - Ch 25 26 Treaty of Fort Laramie 1868 Who...

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