ant200y-exam 78 - ANT200Y1Y — Final Exam August 13th 2014...

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Unformatted text preview: ANT200Y1Y — Final Exam August 13th, 2014 Name: Student Number: UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO Faculty of Arts and Science AUGUST 2014 EXAMINATIONS ANT200Y1 Y Duration - 3 hours No Aids Allowed PLEASE NOTE: The exam consists of two parts. Part I, multiple choice, is worth 80 points; Part II, True-False, is worth 20 points; for a total of 100 points. There are a total of 17 pages to the exam. ALL QUESTIONS must be filled in on the computer sheet in PENCIL. Please make sure to fill in the dots completely, or the scanner will reject your answer sheet. DO NOT USE PEN as the scanner cannot read your answers Page 1 of 17 ANTZOOY 1 Y - Final Exam August 13th, 2014 Part I - Multiple Choice (1 point each; 80 points total) 1. The purpose of Mayan hieroglyphics was a. to keep track of prayers to the gods. b. to document tribute. c. to record the timing of ritual events in the lives of the rulers. d. to keep track of economic transactions. e. for birth and death records. 2. The Ozette site in western Washington is characterized by a. superb preservation of organic materials. b. a large burial ground. c. a sea mammal hunting station. d. a postcontact trading post. e. all of the above 3. Aztec agriculture depended on artificial islands of raised beds called a. khipu. b. chinampas. c. pagos. d. panaqa. e. huitzilopochtli. 4. was a system of knotted strings used by the Inca to record information. a. Panaqa b. lnti c. Khipu d. Page e. Tampu 5. The earliest evidence for the unification of Egypt under a single ruler is a slab of carved slate known as the a. Abydos Slab. b. Narmer Palette. c. Saqqara Tablet. d. Scorpion Chronicle. e. None of the above 6. What is used as evidence to suggest that Harappan script was read from left to right? a. Sentences make more sense read in that direction. b. The beginning of phrases is clearly indicated. c. As Harappan was a poetic language, the ends of phrases rhymed. d. Symbols on the left are often cramped together. e. There is no evidence to suggest which direction Harappan script should be read. Page 2 of 17 AN T200Y 1 Y — Final Exam 10. 11. 12. Archaeological evidence for social inequality at Pueblo Bonito consists of the burials in Room 33. a. @9196 The capital of the Late Shang dynasty and China's oldest city is a. b c. d. e AMS dates of beans at Guitarrero Cave indicate that they were domesticated at the same time as llamas. a. @993 a variety of exotic artifacts in Room 38. a cache of silver ingots in Room 50. sacred Kachina dolls in Room 14. both A and B Xla. Banpo. Dragon Bone Hill. Anyang. Beijing. 10,000 years ago. 4,300 years ago. well after highland cities had been established. only 500 years ago. August 13‘“, 2014 In the film "Quest for the Lost Maya”, the factor(s) that may have led to the abandonment of the Yucatan sites include a. b. c. e. Drought Invaders from Mexico The cult of the Feathered Serpent d. Widespread wildfires Both A and C The first cities in Mesopotamia developed during the a. {napo- Paleolithic. Chalcolithic. Uruk Period. Neolithic. Ubaid Period. The collapse of the Mayan cities was the result of a b. c. d. e. wa rfa re. ecological degradation. external climatic events. all ofthe above none of the above Page 3 0f 17 ANT200Y1Y — Final Exam 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. August 13‘“, 2014 According to the film "Walking Through History: Stonehenge”, the abandonment and closing of the West Kennet Long Barrow in 2500 BCE (4500 BP) indicated that: a. Too many burials had taken place and it was full. b. A central authority decreed that rituals related to death would now be conducted at locations like Stonehenge. c. The Neolithic population had been invaded by Continental Druids. , CI. The roof collapsed, and was no longer safe. e. People had begun to express their spiritual beliefs through the worship of crop circles. Which of the following was NOT found at Great Zimbabwe? a. circular huts b. stone enclosures c. stone tower d. bird sculptures e. massive burial ground Though Early and Middle Woodland subsistence was based heavily on the cultivation of domesticated plants, is rare and does not appear to have played a major role in the Woodland diet. a. maize b. beans c. squash d. none of the above e. both A and B Which of the following is NOT typical of Mesoamerican culture? a. a complex calendar b. a ball game played on a special court c. bloodletting d. monumental architecture e. use of the wheel During the Formative Period of the American Southwest, the placement of storage pits outside the houses is suggestive of a. not having enough room inside the houses. b. providing easier access for house occupants. c. communal ownership. d. the accumulation of more food requiring larger areas for food storage. e. the house floors were too hardly packed to allow for digging storage pits inside. Page 4 of 17 ANTZOOYIY — Final Exam August 13th, 2014 18. The widespread use of pottery in the American Southwest around 1,800 years ago marks the beginning of the a. Archaic Period. Early Neolithic. Early Woodland Period. Formative Period. Middle Woodland Period. 5090.6 19. These three empires preceded the Inca Empire in the Andes a. Chavin, Teotihuacan, Titicaca Tiwanaku, Moche, Nasca Tiwanaku, Chemu, Wari Chemu, Nasca, Tenochtitlan Cuzco, Chavin, Wari {DP-99' 20. Inherited status appears to have emerged on the Northwest Coast during the culture. a. Locarno b. Clovis c. Marpole d. Glen Rose e. Crescent Beach 21. The power of the Harappan state is expressed in a. well-designed sewer system. evidence of long-distance trade with Egypt. standardization of building material. meticulously planned, urban construction. all of the above 9.09.6 22. Why do archaeologists believe the Mycenaeans were more war-like than the Minoans? a. Mycenaean graves usually contain swords. b. Mycenaean cities are usually surrounded by large defensive walls. c. The land around Mycenae was less fertile, creating food shortages and conflict. d. Linear B texts refer to the Minoans as peace—loving flower—worshippers. e. Ancient Egyptian texts mention conflicts with Mycenaeans. 23. What would be an application of Hayden‘s model for the function of Poverty Point? a it was a defensive bulwark against invasion from the West. it was the first urban center along the Gulf Coast. It was the administrative center for the Archaic in the Lower Mississippi Valley. b. c. cl. It was an agricultural center. e. It was the focal point of feasting events, servicing the local region. Page 5 of 17 ANTZOOYIY — Final Exam August 13‘“, 2014 24. The property of the Inca emperor became the property of his descendants, known as his a. panaqa. b. khipu. c. tawantinsuyu. d. urubamba. e. pago. 25. Why did the Nile farmers not have the salination problems that plagued Mesopotamian farmers? a. The Aswan dam made irrigation unnecessary. They used fertilizers rich in potassium salts. There is no salt in the Egyptian soil. The annual flooding of the Nile replenished the soil. They shipped all of their produce in from outside Egypt. (Dqu 26. The oldest known city in the world is a. Hamourkar. b. Habuba Kebira. c. Uruk. d. Ur. e. El Ubaid. 27. Mound 72 at Cahokia a. was constructed in the shape of an eagle. b. has yet to be excavated. c. yielded a burial that was vivid evidence of social inequality. cl. was a the largest earthwork north of Mexico. e. was the site of a ceremonial temple. 28. Which of the following domesticated animals have been found in North Africa associated with hunting and gathering societies? a. goats b. horses c. pigs d. rabbits e. dogs 29. Egyptian kineg power was tied to the concept of which combines the virtues of balance and justice. a. karma b. saqqara c. ma'at d. destiny e. the Sed festival Page 6 of 17 ANT200Y1Y — Final Exam August 13”, 2014 30. The oldest city in Mesoamerica is a. Monte Alban. b. Copén. c. Teotihaucan. d. La Venta. e. Aguateca. 31. Sites that predate Anyang and provide evidence for early urbanization in China are a. Snaxingdui and Jinsha Erlitou and Yanshi Hsia, Shang, and Zhou b. c. d. Yangtze and Yellow e. Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro 32. An empire a. is a military power. b. brings together diverse and heterogenous groups. c. has a single ruler. d. have developed systems of communication. e. all of the above 33. The shift toward state society in Egypt began during the a. Predynastic period. b. First Intermediate. c. Old Kingdom. d. Second Intermediate. e. Middle Kingdom. 34. Most of the early cities in Mesopotamia were either within or on the edge of a. Rolling upland Extensive marshland Desert wasteland Grassy savannah Coastal beaches .msleo' 35. Two ancient Greek scripts which have not yet been deciphered are a. Demotic and Cyrillic b. LinearAand LinearB c. Linear A and Cretan hieroglyphics d. Cretan and Egyptian hieroglyphics e. Cuneiform and hieroglyphics Page 7 of 17 ANTZOOYIY — Final Exam August 13th, 2014 36. The purpose of oracle bones was a. to record predictions. b. to document the actual course of events. c. to keep tack of the names of Shang rulers and their followers. d. to record trade with the Warring States. e. both A and B 37. According to this model, the Hopewell culture earthworks served as the symbolic and ceremonial core of a dispersed settlement pattern. a. agency theory b. vacant centre pattern c. central place theory cl. GlS theory e. optimal foraging theory 38. The first capital of a unified Egypt was in this Upper Egyptian centre. a. Cairo b. Amarna c. Giza d. Hierakonpolis e. Memphis 39. Barry Molloy used experimental archaeology to determine the efficacy of Minoan and Mycenaean a. cooking vessels b. water wheels c. swords d. agricultural techniques e. chariots 40. Upper Egypt refers to a. the southern region of the Nile valley. the northern region of the Nile valley. the late pharonic period. the archaeology of the upper class. none of the above {09.0.6 41. The intensive occupation of Chaco Canyon came to an end in 1130 CE as the result of a. a devastating drought. b. catastrophic flooding. c. Chaco canyon was never abandoned. d. an attack from the south. e. a plague. Page 8 of 17 ANTZOOYI Y — Final Exam August 13th, 2014 42. The only Harappan monumental architecture of note is a. a temple. b. a royal tomb. c. a bath. d. a ten-foot statue. e. a pyramid. 43. Which is NOT an early domesticated plant? a. beans b. squash c. maize d. cabbage e. both A and B 44. The buildings in Harappan cities a. were made from bricks ofa uniform size. were made of mud brick and covered in sheets of granite. were covered with inscriptions in Harappan script. were sunken into the ground. were built from straw bales covered in mud. {DP-PP" 45. The wealth of the Moche society is well-illustrated by the intact tomb of a Moche elite found at a. Chavin de Huéntar. b. Nazca. c. Cuzco. d. Sipan. e. Machu Picchu. 46. Which ofthe following is evidence of ethnic diversity at Machu Picchu? a. cranial deformation b. pottery and masonry c. clothing d. burial goods e. all of the above 47. Which of the following was recovered from the Libyan site of Uan Afuda? a. wooden artifacts basketry charcoal and seeds animal dung all of the above {napo- Page 9 of 17 ANTZOOYIY — Final Exam 48. 49. SO. 51. 52. 53. August 13th, 2014 Chaco Canyon was the site of the construction of spectacular multi-storied structures known as a. cliff-dwellings. b. kivas. c. pueblos. d. Great Houses. e. none of the above Which of the following is a type within Morton Fried’s classification of societies? a. hierarchical communal c. ranked d. chiefdoms e. socialist Archaeologists have used on skeletal material to determine the role of maize in the diet. a. macro analysis isotope analysis electron spin resonance radiocarbon analysis thermoluminescence @9057 The Japanese preagricultural society that lived in large villages and produced elaborate pottery. a. Jomon b. Longshan c. Shaolin d. Yangshou e. Pengtoushan The earliest domesticated crop in Africa was a. yams. b. quinoa. c. taro. cl. millet. e. rice. Which of the following is TRUE regarding the Chinese elite? a. There was no clear distinction between elites and the general populace. b. Aside from his political duties, the king also performed rituals such as divination. c. The king never made public appearances, because the general populace was forbidden from seeing him. d. The king was subordinate only to the High Priest. e. The king was also the head of the military and was required to fight alongside common soldiers during battle. Page 10 of 17 ANTZOOYIY — Final Exam August 13‘“, 2014 54. This monumental structure was at the centre of both physical and spiritual world of the Aztec. a. Templo Mayor b. The sacred cenote c. Pyramid of the Sun d. Pyramid of Aztlan e. Pyramid of the Moon 55. Chavin de Huéntar a. is a simple village site in the South American rain forest. was the capital of the Inca empire. c. was destroyed by an earthquake. d. was the burial site of the "Lord of Sipén". e. is a ceremonial site that documents the beginning of social complexity in the Andes. 56. According to Karl Wittfogel, early state formation was the result of a. agency theory. b. response to foreign aggression. c. population growth. d. large-scale irrigation processes. e. geographical circumscription. 57. Who was responsible for the early stages of construction of Stonehenge? a. Druids b. Romans c. Vikings d. Celts e. Unknown 58. The palaces of Minoan and Mycenaean states were the sites of a. public events like feasting, dancing, and games coronations c. private events like strategic weddings d. rituals and sacrifices e. storage of agricultural surplus 59. In a ranked society, there is a hierarchy of prestige NOT linked to a. age. b. gender. c. ability. d. all of the above e. none of the above Page 11 of 17 ANTZOOYIY — Final Exam August 13th, 2014 60. Great Zimbabwe is a. a hoax. b. evidence of local development of complexity in southeast Africa. c. the site of the palace of the Queen ofSheba. d. a Phoenician trading port. e. the site of King Solomon's mines. 61. Carefully standardised bricks and weights in Harappan society speak to a. One specialised factory next to the great bath. , Proof of a religious ceremony. A highly militaristic dictator. . A highly organised bureaucracy. . Proof of recycling of old building materials. b c. d e 62. The earliest evidence of the domestication of rice comes from the site of a. Banpo. b. Pengtoushan. c. Hemudu. d. Anyang. e. Jomon. 63. Andean indigenous domesticates include a. quinoa. b. guinea pigs. c. llamas. d. potatoes. e. all of the above 64. Which of the following is the correct order for the chronological periods in Mesopotamian prehistory? a. Ur, Uruk, Ubaid b. Early Dynastic, Ubaid, Uruk c. Uruk, Early Dynastic, Ubaid d. Ubaid, Uruk, Early Dynastic e. Uruk, Ubaid, Ur 65. The agricultural method used by the Maya was a. Swidden cultivation. raised fields in swamps. plows pulled by animals. three-field rotation. both A and B {DP-99' Page 12 of 17 ANT200Y1Y _ Final Exam August 13‘“, 2014 66. Hemudu, in southern China, may best be described as a a. well preserved village site. b. good example of a rice farming village. c. contemporaneous with Banpo village. cl. having deep archaeological deposits. e. all of the above 67. The earliest evidence of emerging political complexity in Mesoamerica is found on sites. a. Mayan b. Toltec c. Aztec d. Olmec e. Teotihuacan 68. The large earthwork that occupies the core of Cahokia is known as a. El Grande. b. Mound 71. c. Monk's Mound. d. Spiro Mound. e. Pueblo Bonito. 69. What do osteoarchaeologists study? a. The relationship between large, dense cities and the agricultural villages that surround them b. The techniques and materials used to make ceramics c. Human skeletal remains in archaeological contexts d. Monolithic structures like the ancient Olmec heads e. The techniques and materials used to make stone tools 70. Which of the following was NOT found in the Royal Tombs of Ur? a. musical instruments b. oxen c. tools d. precious stones e. all of the above were found in the tombs 71. Mayan cities were ruled by a. priests. dynasties of powerful kings. elected officials. wealthy nobles. the Mayan gods. {napo- 72. What unique burial monuments appeared in Japan around 200 A.D.? a. keyhole shaped tombs b. bronze urns c. granite headstones d. slender obelisks e. elaborate ossuaries Page 13 of 17 ANTZOOYIY — Final Exam 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. August 13th, 2014 That the people who built Stonehenge did include elites is evidenced by the discovery of a b. c. d. e. The first true pyramid, known as the Red Pyramid, was built by a b. c. d. e. a cache of gold amulets. the iceman. the Amesbury Archer. seven partially completed Moai. none of the above of the Fourth Dynasty. King Khufu King Akhenaten King Snefru King Djoser King Khafre What was the function of Pueblo Bonito? a. b c d. e. an elite residence a ceremonial center a fortress a long—distance trade depot both A and B This is the system by which lncan rulers owned all property/possessions within the empire, and people only had permission to use if they contributed labour. 3 b. c. d. e. Ma’at Mi’ca Mit’a Mothra Mumbo is a preagricultural village on the coast of Peru, provides a vivid demonstration of the importance of marine resources to early village communities. a b. c. d. e. Humboldt Paloma Quechua G uita rrero Cave Cusco Elaborate burial mounds found in Ohio dating to the Woodland Period can be related to the {DP-9279’ culture(s). Adena Hopewell Mississippian Poverty Point Both A and B Page 14 of 17 ANTZOOYIY — Final Exam August 13th, 2014 79. The earliest domesticated plant in the Americas is and dates between 10,000 and 8,300 years ago. a. squash maize c. marsh elder d. chenopodium e. beans 80. The main evidence for agriculture at the Kuk Swamp site in New Guinea is a. the ancient field system (canals and mounds). b. polished stone tools with taro residue. c. the presence of charred yams. d. both A and B e. all ofthe above Part II - True/False (1 point each; 20 points total) 81. Mayan pyramids were constructed during a single building episode. a. true b. false 82. The First and Second Dynasty royal tombs at Abydos are simple brick chambers. a. true b. false 83. Tenochtltlan was the largest indigenous city built in the Americas. a. true b. false 84. Like the mounds, Hopewell settlements are numerous and are easily found by archaeologists. a. true b. false 85. The impact ofthe adoption of agriculture on societies in Mexico, the Southwest, and eastern United States was remarkably similar across time and space. a. true b. false 86. Cotton Pre-ceramic sites are often large, and contain evidence of monumental architecture. a. true b. false Page 15 of 17 ANT200Y1Y — Final Exam August 13th, 2014 87. In central Africa, two critical cereals - quinoa and sorghum - were domesticated. a. true b. false 88. In egalitarian societies, there are no differences in status. a. true b. false 89. The son, who became the new ruler after the lncan emperor died, inherited all of his father's estates and possessions. a. true b. false 90. The Olmec developed a highly sophisticated artistic tradition that included monumental sculptures of snakes. a. true b. false 91. Archaeological and historical research have demonstrated that, contrary to popular belief, the Aztec never actually practised human sacrifice. a. true b. false 92. Early Northwest Coast culture was based on efficient whale hunting. a. true b. false 93. Teotihuacan is the oldest Mayan city. a. true b. false 94. In southern Mesopotamia, crops can be grown only with irrigation. a. true b. false 95. For logistical reason, all the materials used to build Stonehenge came from a distance of no more than three kilometers. a. true b. false 96. Millet, not rice, was the main early domesticate in northern China around the Yellow River Valley. a. true b. false 97. The pyramids of Egypt were built completely by enslaved peoples from other nations. a. true b. false ...
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