Ch.7 - Ch.7 The Road to Revolution 1763-1775 British won...

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Ch.7 The Road to Revolution 1763-1775 British won dominion over N.A. after F&I war; had to put 10,000 troops in the area, was costly London gov. from 1763 on struggled to compel the A. ppl to pay for costs of empire; this lead to A. ppl’s sense of political identity, also A.Revolu. Conflict was not predictable; commercial, military, cultural bonds had tightened; A. ppl were reluctant revolutionaries; wanted only “rights of Englishmen” However, differences did surface between them over political principals - The Deep Roots of Revolution Amer. was revolutionary from the beginning; new ideas about citizens & gov.; the N.W. was a place to start over in life By mid 1700s republicanism emerged again: all citizens worked together for the society’s good; republicanism was against “racial Whigs”: their writing read by colonists, were against the use of bribes by the king’s ministers, warned against corruption and be aware of conspiracies that would take away their liberty or rights used to running things by themselves, (i.e. distance=weakened authority) was a surprise when the British gov. tried to put its grip on the A.ppl - Mercantilism and Colonial Grievances only Georgia was founded by the Brit. Gov.; others by trading companies, religious groups or land speculators. Mercantilists: believed $=power, a country’s economic wealth (military&political power) could be measured on its amount of gold&silver; to give g&s it needs to export more than import; Brit. gov. looked at the A. ppl as tenants; were to product TRICS (such as Tobacco & sugar), ships’ masts; stop making wool cloth, beaver hats; buy manufactured goods only from Brit.; no self-gov. Navigation Law of 1650: went against Dutch shippers, all trade had to go to Brit. before selling to colonies, other countries had to 1 st go to Brit. before selling to Amer.; Brit. middlemen could made profits; Tobacco must be shipped only to Brit. This policy led to a policy shortage in colonies; A.ppl bought more than they sold to Brit.; had to pay in g&s coins earned from illegal trade w/ Spanish & W. Indies (drained out of colonies); Resorted to paper $, but it decrease in value; Brit. found out & ordered it not printed; A. ppl complained their “welfare was being sacrificed for the well-being of the British commercial interests” Brit. gov. decided to overrule any laws that worked against mercantilism; although it was used only 5% of the time, A.ppl complained, was “an example of how principle cold weigh more heavily than practice in fueling colonial grievances” - The Merits and Menace of Mercantilism Mercantilism seemed selfish and oppressive; Navigation Laws of 1763 were loosely enforced; A. merchants learned to go around
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course ? ? taught by Professor ? during the Spring '07 term at Gustavus.

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Ch.7 - Ch.7 The Road to Revolution 1763-1775 British won...

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