Ch.1-5 - Ch.1 New World Beginnings 33,000 B.C-A.D 1769...

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Ch.1: New World Beginnings 33,000 B.C.-A.D. 1769 Earth is the 5 th biggest planet 6,000 yr. Western world begins Middle East develops primitive culture 500 yr. Europeans found American continents - The Shaping of N. America 225 mil. Earth had 1 continent 1 st great landmasses: Eurasia, Africa, Australia, Antarctica and the Americas Fresh water fish are same in diff. continents (proves) the connected landmass idea Applachian Mts. formed before continents split (~350 mil.) Rockies, Sierra Nevadas, Cascades and Coast Ranges formed between 135-25 mil. After continents were shaped 10 mil. Basic geo. Shape of N. America Canadian shield; northeastern corner; 1 st above sea level Rocky Mt. Crest: the “roof of America”- Great Basin 2 mil. Ice age over N.A.; 2 miles thick; ended 10,00 yr. Melting glaciers formed lakes; Great Lakes-drained Mississippi R. (then later St. Lawrence) Lake Bonnevile covered Utah, Nevada and Idaho; drained into Snake and Columbia R. (until Snake cut off); gradually shrinking inland sea; grew salty evaporated and left a mineral-rich desert; Great Salt Lake remained - Peopling the Americas Most people came to American continents over land bridge 35,000 yr.; small nomadic Asian hunter bands followed animals; people came over for 250 centuries; land bridge disappeared with Ice Age 10,000 yr. People spread out even to S.America over 15,000 miles from Siberia. When Europeans arrive in 1492 about 54 mill. ppl were living in the Americas 2,000 languages and diff. cultures Incas Peru, Mayans Central America, Aztecs - Mexico sophisticated civilizations. Agriculture devel. (corn) feed 20 mill. ppl in Mexico No large draft animals, or wheel but still built good cities and commerce Astronomical observations Aztecs-human sacrifices - The Earliest Americans Corn was important for pop. growth for ppl in Mexico and S.A.; 5000 B.C. corn was devel. from wild grass; corn changes hunter- gathers into settling into agri. societies Pueblo ppl in Rio Grande valley: irrigation to cornfields, terraced buildings No other societies existed expect the Pueblo in N.A. Mount Builders in Ohio R. and Mississippi R., Anasazis has large settlements Cahokia Mississippian settlement had 25,000 ppl Anasazis built into Chaco Canyon, 600 rooms All cultures declines by A.D. 1300 Cultivation of maize, beans and squash reach ed the southeastern Atlantic seaboard region by A.D. 1000; “three sister” cultivation devel.; helped produce high pop. densities on the continent, among them the Creek, Choctaw, and Cherokee ppl Iroquois Confederacy devel.: political and organ. skills to sustain an military alliance Most N.Amer. ppl where living in small groups in impermanent settlements. Agri. groups: women: crops, men: hunted, fished, fuel, cleared fields; maternal society (Iroquois)
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course ? ? taught by Professor ? during the Spring '07 term at Gustavus.

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Ch.1-5 - Ch.1 New World Beginnings 33,000 B.C-A.D 1769...

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