Ch.12 Peps

Ch.12 Peps - THE WAR OF 1812 (U.S. v. Britain) Treaty of...

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THE WAR OF 1812 (U.S. v. Britain) Treaty of Ghent /December 24,1814 Who: the United States and Britain What: U.S. and Britain agreed to stop fighting and restore conquered territory, ending the War of 1812. Neither side gained any concessions, and the treaty ended as a virtual draw. Sig.: Though America did not get what it wanted at the start of the War of 1812, it didn’t lose anything to Britain either. The war fostered a sense of pride and nationalism . Indeed, the war is called the second war of American independence, and it proved that America was a force to be reckoned with. (American historian George Dangerfield characterized Europe’s attitude towards the US as “a grimy republican thumbprint on the margin of a page in European history.” The US may have been a grimy republican thumbprint, but it was a tough little thumbprint nonetheless.) [AP237-238] Battle of New Orleans/ January 8, 1815 Who: Andrew Jackson led about 7,000 Americans against 8,000 British troops Where: New Orleans, Louisiana What: A Battle in the War of 1812 after the Treaty of Ghent had been signed. The British troops launched a frontal attack against Andrew Jackson’s well-fortified troops, resulting in a huge American victory. Two thousand British were killed or wounded, within half an hour, compared with around seventy for the Americans. Sig.: Though this battle technically occurred after the War of 1812 ended, the victory boosted American nationalism and honor. [AP236-237] Hartford Convention / December 15, 1814 - January 5, 1815 Who: Federalists who were discontented with the War of 1812 Where: Hartford, Connecticut What: Numerous New England states sent representatives to Hartford, Connecticut to discuss their grievances. The resulting convention demanded compensation for lost trade and sought preventive measures against future embargoes, state admissions, and wars, among other things. The resolutions of the Hartford Convention were overshadowed by the victories at New Orleans and Ghent, causing the movement to die. Sig.: The Hartford Convention marked the death of the Federalist Party. It is also an example of New England’s sympathy towards nullification at the time. The Hartford Convention proves that the South did not have a monopoly on states’ rights and secessionist thinking. [AP 238-239] Nationalism: (devotion or loyalty to a nation) What: A sense of nationalism arose after the triumphant War of 1812, manifesting itself in everything American. The Nationalistic ardor was reflected everywhere from school textbooks to magazines to artwork. Nationalism even showed through in government and finances, as a revived Bank of the United States was voted by Congress in 1816, a more elegant capital was coming along in Washington, and the army expanded to 10,000 men. Patriotic Americans even
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Ch.12 Peps - THE WAR OF 1812 (U.S. v. Britain) Treaty of...

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