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Unformatted text preview: Ch.6 The Duel for North America 1608-1763 • 17 th c. closed, the struggle for the N.A. continent began between: Britain (Eng.&Scot. in 1707 unit to be “Great Britain”), France, Spain (w/ N.Amer. ppl) • 1688-1763 4 world wars in Europe. Control in Europe and over N.W. fought in 2 hemispheres on water and soil • 9 world wars since 1688 • U.S. ppl were unable to stay out of any of the wars. • 7 yr. War in Europe and the French & Indian War in Amer. set stage for Amer. Independence- France Finds A Foothold in Canada • France was latecomer in N.W. real estate; same reasons: 1500s foreign wars, domestic stride, Roman Cath. vs. Prot. Huguenots • St. Bartholomew’s Day 1572 10,000+ Huguenots men, women, kids were killed in cold blood • 1598 Edict of Nantes limited toleration of French Protestant, religious wars ended, France blossomed: mightiest and most fear nation in Europe, lead by good ministers & King Louis XVI (became king at 5 yrs. old, had 72 yr. reign) (1643-1715), took interest in colonies • 1608 (yr. after Jamestown) established Quebec on St. Lawrence R., lead figure: Samuel de Champlain was brave soldier & explorer, “father of New France” • Champlain became friends w/ Huron N.Amer., enemies w/ Iroquois of Upper N.Y. area (allied w/ British), destroyed French settlements • Government of N.F. (Canada) came under direct control of the king after various commercial companies had faltered or failed • Royal regime was autocratic: ppl could elect no representative assemblies, no trial by jury • Pop. in 1750 was only 60,000 whites, landowning French peasants had no need to move to N.F., Prot. Huguenots were denied in N.F. t • French gov. favored Caribbean island colonies, rich in sugar and rum over Canada- New France Fans Out • Beaver was in N.F., Europeans like it for hats (warmth and opulent appearance), French fur-trappers sought new waterways looking for beaver • French fur-trappers were coureurs de bois (runners of the woods), were heavy drinkers, free spenders, free livers and lovers • They named the land Baton Rouge (red stick), Terre Haute (high land), Des Moines (some monks), Grand Teton (big breast) • French voyageurs took Indian guides;Indians died of diseases, broke Indian traditions and religious beliefs, debauched by alcohol; covered big distances: Great Lakes, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Platte valley, Arkansas, Missouri, west to Rockies, south to Spanish border; killed beaver pop. ecological damage • In Montreal in 1693 100 canoes full of beaver • Jesuits came to save Indian souls, sometimes tortured by Indians, made few permanent converts, vital role as explorers & geographers • Antoine Cadillac wanted empire, founded Detroit “city of straits” in 1701 to stop English settlers from being in Ohio Valley • Robert de La Salle went down to Mississippi delta (Gulf of Mexico) named Louisiana 1682, returned 3 yrs. later to colonize, but failed to find delta went into Spanish Texas, 1687 was murdered by his men...
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- Spring '07
- French And Indian War, Indian War, allied w/ British, Mississippi R., Undeclared French War