Goya paper

Goya paper - 1 Rebecca Mills December 5, 2007 DSP 120...

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1 Rebecca Mills December 5, 2007 DSP 120 Stanton Goya’s Angels and Demons Francisco José Goya y Lucientes was a multi-faceted man of many contradictions. He was an artist who had the amazing ability to paint everything that was beautiful and in the same breath create disturbing, nightmarish images that haunt the viewer. When Goya paints a beautiful woman you can see the softness of her skin, the coy smile on her face, and bright sheen of her hair. You can actually feel her beauty. At the same time, when he paints a face in agony, the pain seethes through the paint. It is hard for me to fathom how a man with so many dimensions, a man with the ability to depict the true nature of both heaven and hell, could also create images as forced as his painting The Crucified Christ. In a painting depicting the sacrifice of his holy savior, did Goya lack passion towards his subject? Goya lived in a time when the Catholic Church was all powerful and corrupt. The Inquisition was a political tool used to sacrifice people in the name of religion. Goya watched innocent people in his country suffer at the hands of the men who were supposed to be spreading the word of God. I couldn’t help but wonder if Goya might agree with Nietzsche when he said almost sixty years after Goya’s death that, “God is dead and church is his tomb.” In Goya’s works, his mistrust in the Catholic Church and criticism of the clergymen outweighed his own faith in God. While some suggest that he may have been an atheist, I believe that he was merely in disbelief over the wicked nature of these
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2 holy men, and the absence he must have felt from a God allowing the suffering of innocent men and women. The Spanish Inquisition was established in 1481 by King Ferdinand II to try and unify Spain under one religion, and weaken any opposition to the Catholic monarchy. The Inquisition targeted Jews, Protestants, and Muslims and other offenders who were accused of committing heresy against the Catholic Church. The church and state were closely entwined during the Inquisition and it was hard to distinguish one from the other. The church officials were offered power and money from the monarchy, and in turn the monarchy could keep their hands clean while priests got rid of their political adversaries in the name of God. Men and women could be called forth before the Holy Office and convicted due to a question of faith or crimes like bigamy, sodomy, heresy, and witchcraft. If found guilty, as most all accused were, the convicted were subject to especially cruel treatment. Minor crimes were punished with public humiliation, fines, or exile. Offenders of more serious crimes endured inhumane torture. The torture included forcing the victim to feel the sensation of drowning, forcing enemas through the use of very large syringes, or by the rack , an instrument that used chains to slowly and painfully dislocate the victims’ limbs. The accused had no real chance of acquittal; their defense counsel was assigned by the tribunal. In most cases, an accusation was enough for the
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course DSP 120 taught by Professor Stanton during the Spring '08 term at Kentucky.

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Goya paper - 1 Rebecca Mills December 5, 2007 DSP 120...

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