Adulthood and Aging Exam 3

Adulthood and Aging Exam 3 - Final review for exam Chapter...

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Final review for exam Chapter 9: Complex Cognition What is intelligence? o Highly controversial o Intelligent behaviors= Goal-oriented Conscious and deliberate Adaptive Problem solving o Our focus Psychometric (IQ) Theoretical Neuroscientific Psychometric approach o Measuring psychology IQ o MA/CA x 100= IQ (intelligence quotient) o Mental age/ chronological age o CA- time since birth o MA- cognitive skills as compared to peers o x 100- eliminate decimals o Computational formula uses deviation IQ MA- plateaus at age; CA- decreases Adjusts for aging Wechsler Intelligence Scales o Continually revised, updating items o Verbal scale may include Verbal comprehension Information Comprehension Vocabulary Similarities Working memory may include Arithmetic Digit span o Performance scale/items (2 sections) Perceptual organization may include: Picture completion/matrix reasoning Picture arrangement o Story-telling Block design Object assembly o Puzzle Visual puzzles Processing speed may include: Coding Figuring weights
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Final review for exam Psychometric Approach o IQ scores based on the normal distribution (statistical theory) *bell curve* Gifted- IQ above 130, 2% of the population High average- 115-130, 14% of the population Average- 85-115, 68% of the population Low average- 70-85, 14% of the population Intellectual disabilities- below 70, 2% of the population Changes with age Verbal scores tend to fall only slightly Performance scores decline remarkably o Problems with IQ tests with older adults Poor physical health affects cognition Illnesses, medicines, sleep Speed, coordination, and mobility Timed activities, hands-on activities Sensory problems (vision/hearing) Attitude towards testing Familiarity, anxiety Budgeting energy, interest level o Characteristics of people with high IQ in old age Flexible in thinking Satisfied with accomplishments at midlife No chronic illnesses/diseases High income and well-educated Stable marriages to intellectually keen spouses Job/work was complex, non-routine Led active, stimulating lives Theory of Intelligence o Sternberg: Triarchic theory of intelligence o Analytical (Academics) Analyze and process efficiently o Creative Originality and insight o Practical Common sense and street smarts o Gardner: multiple intelligences Verbal/linguistic Logical/mathematical Musical Bodily kinesthetic (dancing) Knowing how your body is moving in space Spatial (blue prints/maps/compasses) Interpersonal (reading other people) Intrapersonal (good at reading yourself) mind/ body Naturalistic (reading nature) weather/animals
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Final review for exam Neuro-scientific approach o Fluid intelligence Processing, reasoning, problem-solving Focus on speed of working memory Slows about mid-20’s, decline noticeably in 50’s o Crystallized intelligence
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