Durkheim Theory of Sociology - SOCIOLOGY 1 Durkheim Theory...

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SOCIOLOGY1Durkheim Theory of SociologyName:Institution:Course:Instructor:Date:
SOCIOLOGY2Durkheim Theory of SociologyDurkheim came up with a theory relating the society and conflicts arising within acommunity. He particularly focuses his approach on the role of the society as an object and whatthe society does (Shortell). Throughout the Durkheim’s study of sociology, he was able todifferentiate the field of sociology with respect to the other fields of social sciences. According toElwell (2003), Durkheim defined social facts as behavioral patterns, which are capable ofexercising coercive powers towards individuals.The social facts, in other words, are externalcontrols and guides of conduct that surround a person and can become internalized in theconsciousness of the particular person by means of education and socialization (Elwell, 2003).As part of the societal role, education and socialization are key guidelines and limits thatdetermine the moral values that encompass a society. Throughout his study, Durkheim believedthat a society was defined by harmony to a certain extent than conflict (Shortell).In Durkheim’s theory of modernity, the notion of self organizing constitutiveperformance presents in it a visionary picture of a modern and flexible society, which can beeasily differentiated (Rawls, 2012). Durkheim’s theory of modernity also identifies the society asstrong and democratic therefore, it can be able to support individual freedom and equality. The

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