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Unformatted text preview: University of Massachusetts Amherst Chinese 155 - Chinese Mythology Spring 2008 Notes taken by Tong Huang 2008-01-28 Monday myth is a traditional story Powell distinguishes three kinds of myth: 1. Divine myth: "the supernatural beings who appear as the principal characters" 2. Legend: "In lengends, the central characters are human beings not gods and goddesses. 3. Folktale: "any traditional story that is not a divine myth or a lengend." In Chinese mythology:- A lot of Divine myth- Lengends- Buddhist and Daoist tales Traditional Chinese Dynasties-Xia(Hsia) 1105-1767 BC-Shang 1766-1123 BC-Zhou(Chou) 1123-256 BC Western 1122-771 BC Eastern 771-256 BC-Qin(Ch'in) 255-221-207 BC-Han 202 BC - 221 AD Romanization Systems Wade - Giles Pinyin Hsia Xia Ch'in Qin Lao Tzu Lao Zi 2008-01-30 Wednesday Materials on Chinese Myths: No acient systematic presentation Fragments are found in various ancient and later texts Three types of Chinese source materials - Received texts- Recensions reconstructed from quotations- Archeological discoveries Modern sources for Chinese myths: Handiest in Chinese is Yuan's One Hundred Selected Chinese Myths Best in English is Anne Birrell's ...blahblahblah... Euhemerism:- Euhemerus (late 4th century B.C.) - explained that the Greek gods such as Uranus, Cronus, Zeus, etc., had originally been great kings- They were so respected that they were worshiped after their deaths and eventually became recognized as gods.- This theory is known as euhemerism"- The process of a person becoming, over time, recognized as a god is called "euhemerization"- In Chinese history/mythology the process is often the opposite: gods, over time, become accepted as having been historical people- The theory that describes this process will be called "reverse euhemerization" Derk Bodde's essay:- He mentions that "Chinese scholars" use the term "euhemerization" in a sense opposite to its accepted meaning- He realizes this situation, but continues to use the term in this opposite sense- What Bodde calls "euhemerization, " in this class we call "reverse euhemerization"- REMEMBER THIS History and Culture:- Shang dynasty ends (traditionally 1167 BC; modern scholars date this ca.1045 BC)- Zhou dynasty is founded- The Zhou establish a form of "feudalism" as their way of administration- Dukes, marquises, earls, viscounts, and barons were established to rule various states. (n,n,n,n,n)- 771 B.C.: End of Western Zhou (722 to 481 B.C. is known as the Spring and Autumn Period, named after a book with this title)- Zhou forces are defeated by non-Chinese tribespeople; capital near modern Xi'an (in west) falls. Western Zhou ends- Capital moved to east...Eastern Zhou starts...blahblahblah......
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course CHINESE 155 taught by Professor Idk during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).
- Spring '08