psych4 - Multicultural Psychology 1) What is culture? a)...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Multicultural Psychology 1) What is culture? a) Culture: a set of learned behaviors, ideas, and attitudes shared by a large group (2+ members) of  people and transmitted from one generation to the next. (Can’t Change!. ..Change=Fad!) b) 3 characteristics of culture i) Material objects (clothes, tools roads, and buildings) ii) Everything that people think (ideals, values, and attitudes) iii) Everything that people do (behavioral pattern) 2) Why is culture important? a) It is symbolic: allows us to organize our world through the use of symbols to sort and classify  objects, ideas, and behaviors b) It transforms physical reality into experienced reality c) It allows us to understand who we are and tells use how to act (cultural norms: rules for accepted  and expected behaviors) –frees us from uncertainties and worries of what is right and wrong d) It is shared by all members of society e) It is adaptive f) –shared by your group of people so you can change it (ex: MLK day) 3) Learning one’s culture a) Enculturation: the process of social interaction through which people learn about their culture. 4) Cultural orientation (how people view themselves) –self-concept: the knowledge that people have about themselves a) Individualism: a cultural concept in which independence, autonomy, and self-reliance take priority  over group allegiance –western societies: Great Britain, USA, France, etc. –value personal freedom and equality. b) Collectivism: a cultural concept in which interdependence, cooperation and group harmony take  priority over personal goals. –Asia, Africa, Central and South America –a person’s status and self-esteem come from the group –value humility, honor the family name, and maintain social order. c) Factors determining individualism and collectivism i) Harry Triandis (1) Complexity of a society: more complex => individualistic (2) Affluence of a society: higher financial independence => more individualistic (3) Heterogeneity vs. homogeneity of a society: high diversity (2/more languages, religions, and  social customs) => more individualistic 5) Cultural Diversity a) Ethnic group: a culturally defined group in which members have shared beliefs, values, customs and 
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSYC 150 taught by Professor Karafa,thuy during the Spring '07 term at Ferris State.

Page1 / 5

psych4 - Multicultural Psychology 1) What is culture? a)...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online