Psyc 150 Notes - 3

Psyc 150 Notes - 3 - 1) Chapter 13 a) What is abnormal...

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1) Chapter 13 a) What is abnormal behavior?  -actions, thoughts, and feelings that are harmful to the person or others. i) American Psychiatric Association (APA) (1) Deviation from average and ideal:      behaviors that deviate from the norm  that can be measured quantitatively or qualitatively (cultural standard). (2) Inability to function:      behavior that makes it difficult to adapt to the  environment and meet the demands of everyday life (3) Personal discomfort:      subjective unpleasant emotions which influence our  behaviors b) How classified (Revised 4 times) i) ii) 5 axes c) i) 1200s-1700s  Gods were punishing people for their bad behaviors  People with a disorder were in habited by evil spirits and products of  witchcraft (1) Trepanning:      the process of drilling holes in skulls to free evil spirits (2) Used exorcism, starvation, and beating ii) 1700s – 1800s mental disorders were considered true illnesses (1) People were admitted to asylums (2) Hidden from public view and misguided treatments were used iii) 1800s – 1900s (1) Phillippe Pinel (France) (a) Believed mentally disturbed people were people who could not reason  well and had made bad choices
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(b) Convinced the French government to unchain and allow patients to  walk about the hospital grounds. (2) Dorothy Dix (a) Taught Sunday school at East Cambridge women’s jail in  Massachusetts (b) Appalled that some women were incarcerated for no other reason than  having mental illnesses. (c) Campaigned to separate them from criminals iv) 1900s (1) Medical perspective (biological):      genes, biological chemistry, and brain  damages cause psychological disorders (2) Psychoanalytical explanation:      our defense mechanisms failed to protect  us from our conflicts and traumatic experiences (3) Behavioral explanation:      environmental factors reinforce maladaptive  behaviors (4) Cognitive explanation:      disorders come from our maladaptive way of  thinking ourselves and the world. d) 5 Psychological Disorder i) Anxiety Disorders:      disruptive feeling of fear apprehension, or anxiety (1) Generalized anxiety disorder:      a state of tension or worries about work,  relationships, ability, or impeding disaster (2) Panic attack:      episode of intense and unexpected fear (3) Phobic disorder:      an irrational fear (4) Obsessive compulsive disorder:      an unwanted repetitive thought and action ii) Somatoform Disorder     : psychological problems that take form of physical  symptoms for which no physical cause can be found (1) Hypocondriasis:
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSYC 150 taught by Professor Karafa,thuy during the Spring '07 term at Ferris State.

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Psyc 150 Notes - 3 - 1) Chapter 13 a) What is abnormal...

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