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Lecture10 - Week 10b A Anglo-American School 1 Alfred Mahan...

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ImperialistGeopolitics: Week 10b A. Anglo-American School 1. Alfred Mahan 2. Sir HalfordMackinder B. German School C. Japanese School D. Russian School Environmental Determinism in Geopolitics • The imperialist geopoliticians believed that a state’s geopolitical power was determined by its geographic attributes. 1. Geographic Size 2. Geopolitical Position 3. Topography Alfred Mahan (1840-1914): Six Characteristics of a World Power 1. Territory 2. Population 3. Geopolitical position 4. Strong navy and good harbors 5. Strong government 6. National Character Mohan’s five policy prescriptions for the US: 1. Build Panama Canal 2. Expand into Pacific and Caribbean 3. Build a strong navy 4. Form an alliance with the British Empire 5. Contain Russia: Cold War policy in the United States. Russian Expansion: - In 1800, 2000 miles separated the Russian and British Empire; by 1900, only 30 miles. - In 1900, Russia had been expanding 55 miles per day for 400 years Sir Halford Mackinder (1861-1947) 1. Founded Geography Dept at Oxford to a. Address decline of B.E.
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