Chapter 4 - Carbon the backbone of life Intro to Organic...

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1 Carbon – the backbone of life Intro to Organic Chemistry! Ch. 4 Cells are water • the rest is mostly carbon-based compounds ( ) Carbon compounds : (organic) (inorganic) material • Carbon atoms bonded to one another and to atoms of other elements Carbon – the backbone of life
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2 Carbon – the backbone of life All living organisms have about the same of differences & individual results from differences in carbon compounds of organic compounds comes from how the are arranged Why is carbon so special??? Carbon can form bonds with up to different atoms ( ) Fig. 4.4
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3 Hydrocarbons: • Hydrophobic due to non- • Key parts of • Serve as energy ( ) Fig. 4.3 Variation of carbon skeleton diversity of organic molecules Varies in: Fig. 4.5
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4 Fig. 4.7 1) isomers : Function depends on structure Isomers : compounds with the same but different 2) isomers : Fig. 4.7 Function depends on structure Isomers : compounds with the same molecular formula but different structures
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5 Fig. 4.7 Function depends on structure
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Chapter 4 - Carbon the backbone of life Intro to Organic...

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