notes for psych final

notes for psych final - Psychological Disorders Mental...

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Psychological Disorders Mental Illness -Patterns of emotion, thoughts, and/or behaviors -Inappropriate -Personal distress -Inability to achieve important goals Medical Model : diseases of the mind; began with Hippocrates (4 bodily fluids) -favor medical treatments for known diseases -not well received by psychologists Psychological Model : psychological perspective -Social Cognitive Behavioral Approach = assess whether there are problems in various parts (social, cognitive, behavior); eclectic integrated approach toward treatment -Biopsychology = things going on in the body that affect psychological disorder; cause of depression according to biopsychology is decreased levels of serotonin in the brain -Applied Psychology = clinical psychology; helping people with disorders - Psychiatry : medical doctorate; study of psych disorders from medical approach; treat people with drug therapy - Clinical Psych : PhD in psychology; certified to treat patients; studies disorders from a psych perspective; needs to refer to psychiatrist if need drug therapy. - Neuropsychology/ Cognitive Psychology : clinical; PhD in neuroscience; study particular disorders of the brain (dyslexia, brain damage, stroke, etc.); field is based on assessment (what functions are damaged?) - Social Work : people work in applied field; talk/group therapy; no doctorate or MD if have bachelors, study child abuse or welfare; if have masters, can have private practice; cannot prescribe medication -Educational Psychology = childhood academic problems; learning disabilities; mental retardation; masters or PhD; assessing problems in school age child/young adults and the ability to perform in education. How do we decide if someone has a disorder? -Distress : unhappy, anxious, adverse problems; causes problems in daily functions -Maladaptive : behavior likely to hurt self /others; viewed negative because can cause harm -Irrational : seems out of touch with reality -Unpredictable : does behavior change in an erratic way? Maybe people don’t have control over their behavior
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-Unconventional : behavior has to be viewed negative by society that the person is a member of (controversial), example: self mutilation DSM-IV : The Bible of Clinical Psychology -put together originally by the American Psychiatric Association -tries to put together subjective criteria for disorders -catalogue of every disorder (helps diagnose: lays down rules for consistency within field) - Classification System : - Criteria -groups of symptoms -similar progression -similar treatment outcomes -tends to use the medical model -favors pharmaceutical interventions DSM-IV is a change from DSM-III -was more Freudian -“neurosis” was removed (a little different, interesting personality, mild psychosis) -psychosis was redefined (more extreme form of “psychosis”) -homosexuality was no longer a disorder, though was an aberrant sexual tendency, however it was found to be a natural variation (1 st major political uprising took place at
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course LIB 111 taught by Professor Caldwell during the Fall '08 term at MCPHS.

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notes for psych final - Psychological Disorders Mental...

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