Exam_Review_-_LOCKE[1]

Exam_Review_-_LOCKE[1] - Exam Review Locke Argues that the...

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Exam Review Locke - Argues that the senses are the primary source of all knowledge. - He claims that, “observation via the senses, plus the mind’s subsequent reflection on the data so acquired, constitutes the basis of all the knowledge we have, or can have” - Locke argues that, firstly even if universal assent were established it would not prove innateness and secondly that in any case these supposedly innate principles are so far from having a universal assent that there are a great part of mankind to whom they are not so much as known. - Locke sets out his own account of how e come to knowledge of general propositions; the senses first let in particular ideas and furnish the ‘yet empty cabinet’ the mind then gets to work on these materials, abstracting from the particular and learning the use of general names. He does not deny that human beings have innate capacities, but he argues that a capacity to come to know X is not at all the same as innate knowledge of X. - His conclusion is that the human mind does not have the least glimmering of any ideas which it does not receive either from sensation or subsequent reflection. - He states that most people believe that there are certain principles both speculative and practical that are universally agreed impressions which the souls of men receive in their first beings and which they bring into the world with them. there were certain truths wherein all mankind agreed, were true, they would not necessarily be innate if there are any other ways to come about the same universal conclusions which he believes that there are. - He says that the argument of universal consent, which is used to prove innate principals seems to be a demonstration that there are no such things because there is nothing that all mankind gives universal assent, or agrees on. -
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Exam_Review_-_LOCKE[1] - Exam Review Locke Argues that the...

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