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The Caribbian & Latin America

The Caribbian & Latin America - Chapter 5 The Caribbean...

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Chapter 5: The Caribbean Climate Close to the equator Topic of Cancer Seasonal rainfall Figure 5.8 o When the temperature doesn’t vary much over the course of a year, the country is close  to the equator Natural Disasters Hurricanes!!! o Figure 5.2.1 & 5.2.2 o Experiences at least one hurricane each year o http://www.intellicast.com/global/satelite/infrared.aspx?enlarge=true     Flooding Tectonic activity o Volcanoes Eruption in Motzarat  o Tsunamis o Earthquakes o Figure 5.5 Population and Settlement 1 st  American region extensively explored and colonized by Europeans and African slaves
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41 million o 25 countries & territories Relatively high population densities o Except Rimlands (areas on Middle and South American coast which are on the Caribbean  Sea) o Increasingly more  urban Hati: high occurrence in HIV/ AIDs Since the 1960s o Fertility has declines o Hati has the highest fertility rate ( creates more problems because they can not  afford to support population) The Caribbean Diaspora Emigration (leaving the Caribbean) o Circular Migration—people leave and go somewhere else but end up returning o Chain Migration—people go somewhere else with others and do not return o Remittances—when the people more somewhere else they earn money that they can send  some back to the Caribbean  Transnationalism—loyalty to two countries Settlement Patterns – Rural Shaped by plantation agriculture & sustinence farming Lesser Antilles—houseyards o Subsistence—grow enough crops to feed the family who lives there o Matriarchal—run by the women because of the emigration patterns (men leave in search  of financial prosperity) o Extended families—do what they can to support each other and grow the food they need
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Caribbean cities o Rural to Urban migration o 60% urban population (67% in Russia) o Colonial influence in urban structure and architecture Similarities to Latin American city structure Grid with central plaza o World Heritage Site : Havana o READ “Cityscapes” pg. 196-197 Most important city in the region Natural. Deep-water harbor 2.2 million people Communist mode 1 million Chinese bicycles uniform gov’t built apartments o Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic Largest Caribbean city—2.7 million Oldest continually occupied European city in the Americas – 1946 World Heritage Site because of Columbus Site of the first cathedral, hospital, customs house, and university in the  Americas Cultural Diversity Complex Mix of Cultures
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European African Asian Amerindian This provides linguistic, religious, & ethnic diversity Cultural Imprint of Colonialism (figure 5.15)
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