PHIL250Review - Final Exam Whitby is his dog's name BLUE...

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Unformatted text preview: Final Exam Whitby is his dog's name BLUE BOOKS!!!!!! Wednesday, December 12, 2007 10:36 AM Philosophy Readings 24 Oct: Klima 31-57 (note the book change) Augustine on Ancient Philosophy (3-42)-Plato is the most Christian Greek Philosophers. Only problem is that Plato believed that the body was the prison of the soul. Augustine believed that the soul is supposed to be in the body. They agree that soul immaterial and immortal. Damaged wills from the fall gave us that ability to willingly do evil. Dialectic Moncensis (43)-NOT IMPORTANT Thomas Aquinas on the Nature and Scope of Sacred Doctrine (45-57)-Wisdom is ordered as is creation.-Trivium: logic, grammar, rhetoric-Quadrivium: arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, music-There is one truth, some of it is accessible through reason and some is beyond reason-Life is simply a "viator". We are simply passing through life to get to the homeland: heaven-in heaven you learn everything that is and all question are answered (intellectual fulfillment); that is eternal bliss-knowledge is the divine science; lower sciences are 'handmaiden' of theology 31 Oct: Klima pp 83-97 Augustine on Divine Ideas and Illumination (83-86)-Plato’s forms become ideas in the mind of God-God instantiates the ideas of things in matter Thomas Aquinas on Illumination vs. Abstraction (87-97)-NO NOTES 2 Nov: Klima 103-115 Henry of Ghent on Divine Illumination (103-109)-three exemplars of divine illumination-exemplars picked up from changeable things are themselves changeable-the soul is changeable-we could crazy or dream it Duns Scotus on Divine Illumination (110-115)-replied to Ghent’s exemplars- no amount of divine illumination can fix the problem, b/c humans, as a receptacle for knowledge, are only able to know so much-We function perfectly fine with only the knowledge we gain from our own perceptions- We are capable with our own reason to determine these things or to at least get by day-to-day on the more confusing cases 5 Nov: Klima 117-133 Augustine on the Certainty of Self-Knowledge (117-119)-NO NOTES-we have certainty of self-knowledge, we may not know anything else, but we know about ourselves-"If I am deceived, I exist"-"I know that I am alive" Thomas Aquinas on whether the Intellect Can Be False (120-122)-NO NOTES-you know your own perceptions, but you may be deceived by reality Henry of Ghent on whether a Human Being Can Know Anything (123-133)-NO NOTES Only thing we can know is……-internal testimony: knowing it yourself by experience-external testimony: learning it through somebody else 7 Nov: Klima 134-142 Nicholas of Autrecourt on Skepticism about Substance and Causality (134-142)-works were condemned-Anti- Aristotle-only one criterion for knowledge, the “first principle” (Principle of Non-contradiction) -certainty has no degrees-denounces that humans are able to gain any knowledge-natural reason is flawed-memory can be flawed, therefore we cannot remember anything correctly-can’t determine dreams from reality-mind is faulty -things change Nicholas of Autrecourt- -turns to rustics-revising Aristotle...
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PHIL 250 taught by Professor ___ during the Fall '07 term at Emory.

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PHIL250Review - Final Exam Whitby is his dog's name BLUE...

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