PHIL251 - Quotes from the Notes -"It is best if this...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Quotes from the Notes -“It is best if this principle (reason) is part of a person’s own nature but if it isn’t, it can be imposed from the outside.” (82-Plato) -“reasoning is such a deceiver” (sextus) -“To every account an equal account is opposed” (Sextus) -“we cannot know anything” -“we determine nothing” -“the highest pleasure is to feel no pain” (epicureans) - There is a stone, therefore, there is a substance.” (Nicholas of Autrecourt) -“(A will)is more free than one that can desert it” Anselm 338 -“when (free will) is conquered, it is not conquered by another power, but by itself” (anselm 343) - for one swallow doesnt mean a summer- aristotle -i could have done otherwise if i had chosen-stoics -we determine nothing- pyrronists - everything is change- heraclitus - no one steps into the same river twice- heraclitus( he said this will def be a question) - evil is the absence of good- augustine - everything is water- Thales of miletus - god is a being which no greater can be conceived- anselm - i know nothing- Socrates 2 nd Semester Readings 1. Augustine on Ancient Philosophy: a. Dissects two Ancient schools of philosophy: Pythagoras vs Thales and moves through line to Plato b. Talked about Socratic method and search for final good, which Augustine interprets to be God c. Plato combined Socrate’s investigative and Pythagoras’ contemplative philosophies together into one consisting of the moral, natural, and rational. Augustine thinks they did a good job capturing philosophy vs God’s will d. Though he thinks they have good thoughts, he wants to be careful that it doesn’t cross over into reason that is defined by the world. Scriptures warn against this 2. Anonymous a. Division of sciences…enough said 3. Aquinas on Nature/scope of Sacred Doctrine a. Scriptures were necessary to teach truth that was beyond our reason, such as salvation b. Sacred doctrine is a science based on the science of God and the divine. It is one science that reveals divine things. c. Sacred doctrine is both theoretical and practical. It transcends categories d. (Handmaiden idea)Sacred doctrine transcends all other sciences because it contains both and encompasses all of them. It is the most wise of all sciences since God is at the center of all wisdom e. God is the subject of science because all science is subject to sacred doctrine and it is subject to God. f. Sacred doctrines don’t need to argue, but rather be based on first principles and go from there (just as biology doesn’t argue about the categorization of species) g. Sacred doctrine can use metaphors/figurative language/their own phrases because they are helpful tools. 4. Augustine on Divine Illumination a. Agrees that ideas (Plato’s forms) are eternal and only can be looked at through a rational sense. b.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PHIL 250 taught by Professor ___ during the Fall '07 term at Emory.

Page1 / 9

PHIL251 - Quotes from the Notes -"It is best if this...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online