Study Guide #2

Study Guide #2 - Chapter 4 Violence and Abuse Creating...

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Chapter 4: Violence and Abuse: Creating Healthy Environments Violence A set of behaviors that produce injuries, as well as the outcomes of these behaviors (the injuries themselves) Violence in the United States 1985 US Public Heath Service identified violence as a leading public health problem that contributed significantly to death and disability rates Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) created the Division of Violence Prevention considers violence a chronic disease that pervasive at all levels of American society campus petty theft date rape fighting murder or violent assault has declined but burglary, theft, and minor assault have increased Societal Causes of Violence commonly listed factors poverty unemployment parental influence cultural beliefs the media discrimination/oppression religious differences political differences breakdowns in the criminal justice system stress heavy use of alcohol and other substances Anger spontaneous, usually temporary, biological feeling or emotional state of displeasure that occurs most frequently during times of personal frustration causes low tolerance for frustration and believe they should not have to put up with inconvenience or petty annoyances- genetic or physiological sociocultural- family background (disruptive, chaotic and unskilled in emotional expression) primary aggression goal-directed, hostile self-assertion that is destructive in character reactive aggression emotional reaction brought about by frustrating life experiences. Bias and Hate Crimes two dimensions the way they are carried out their effects on victims characteristics excessively brutal perpetrated at random on total strangers perpetrated by multiple offenders ethnoviolence violence directed randomly at persons affiliated with a particular group prejudice a set of negative attitudes and beliefs or an emotional reaction or way of thinking about a group
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of people discrimination actions often based on bias and prejudice that deny equal treatment or opportunities to a group Terrorism: Increased Risks from Multiple Sources terrorism use of unlawful force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population or any segment thereof things you can do to help reduce anxiety about and actual harm related to terrorist attacks be aware of your own reactions to stress, anxiety, and fear be conscious of your surroundings stay informed seek understanding seek information know what to do in an emergency Domestic Violence domestic violence the use of force to control and maintain power over another person in the home environment, including both actual harm and the treat of harm women as victims
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Study Guide #2 - Chapter 4 Violence and Abuse Creating...

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