Psych 1603 Ch 6 - Mary Ainsworths Strange Situation Studies...

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DEVELOPMENT IN INFANCY  Chapter 6 1
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ELEMENTS OF EMOTION Elements Physical arousal Conscious experience Behavioral expression Social Referencing Emotional Self Regulation  2
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EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT Basic Emotions Self-Conscious Emotions H appiness Smile – from birth Social smile – 6-10 weeks Laugh – 3–4 months Anger General distress – from birth Anger – 4–6 months Fear First fears – 2nd half of first year Stranger Anxiety – 8–12 months 3
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TEMPERAMENT Early appearing, stable individual  differences in reactivity & self- regulation Easy   40% Difficult   10% Slow-to-warm-up   15% Unclassified   35% Effortful Control Can temperament change? Goodness-of-fit 4
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ATTACHMENT Harlow’s Studies
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Unformatted text preview: Mary Ainsworths Strange Situation Studies Types of Attachment Secure: 65% Avoidant: 20% Resistant: 10-15% Disorganized/disoriented: 510% 5 SELF DEVELOPMENT Erikson Basic Trust v. Mistrust Autonomy v. Shame & Doubt Sense of Self/Self-Awareness Self Recognition Empathy Self Control Compliance Emerges between 12-18 months No Delay of Gratification 6 HOW TO HELP Respond with sensitivity and support Give advance notice of change in activities Offer many prompts and reminders Reinforce self-controlled behavior Encourage sustained attention Support language development Increase rules gradually 7...
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Psych 1603 Ch 6 - Mary Ainsworths Strange Situation Studies...

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