Common Ions - Common Ions Note patterns and try note cards...

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Unformatted text preview: Common Ions Note patterns and try note cards. You should know formulas, names, charges. All monatomic ions formed by main group elements in columns 1A, 2A, 3A, 5A, 6A, and 7A Cations: “metal name ion" charge = A column number Anions: “nonmetal root — ide“ ion charge = 8 — A column number NH4+ ammonium ion OH' hydroxide C2H302‘ acetate C032" carbonate HC03' hydrogen carbonate N03" nitrate 3042' sulfate P043" phosphate N05 nitrite SO32” sulfite P033' phosphite HSO4' hydrogen sulfate HPO42' hydrogen phosphate HSOg' hydrogen sulfite HPng' hydrogen phosphite H2P04' dihydrogen phosphate H2P03' dihydrogen phosphite Cu+ copper (l) Cu2+ copper (II) Hg;2+ mercury (1) 2+ 1 l 12 14 Hg mercury (11) 1B 23 4A 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ll] 33 43 SB GB TB BB SB BB 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 3|] Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn +2, +3 +2, +3 +2, +3 +2, +3 +2 +1, +2 +2 39 40 41 42 43 45 46 Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Rh Pd C 8 d 2 [I g 9 Co2+ cobalt (1]) Co“ cobalt (in) Cr2+ chromium (11) Cr3+ chromium (11]) Fe2+ iron (11) Fe“ iron (ID) Mn2+ manganese (II) Mn3+ manganese (III) 47 As +1 79 All 4 + 57 12 73 T4 75 TIS 77 78 8 La Hf Ta W Re 03 hr Pl H +1 +2 sn2+ tin (11) Pb2+ lead (11) Sn4+ tin (IV) Pb4+ lead (IV) Ag+ silver Cd2+ cadmium H30+ hydronium Ni2+ nickel Zn2+ zinc CN' cyanide ClO4' perchlorate Cr042' chromate SCN' thiocyanate ClOg' chlorate Cr2072' dichromate MnOi' permanganate ClOg' chlorite C2042' oxalate ClO' hypochlorite 022' peroxide CONGRATULATIONS! You’ve memorized the whole table. ...
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