1Unit 15The Human Endocrineand Nervous SystemAn illustrated reportBy Marina Bampton26/01/2022
2IntroductionThe goal of this illustrated report is to exhibit my knowledge of both the human endocrineand nervous systems. I hope to reach this by breaking it down into three sections, each ofwhich will cover a distinct aspect of both systems. The nervous system will be covered in thefirst section, and the endocrine system will be covered in the second. The third section willcover topics related to how the two systems interact.ContentsTitle pagePage 1IntroductionPage 2ContentsPage 2Section 1Page 3-71.1.Outlining the structure and function of the brain, spinal cord, peripheralnerves and the autonomic nervous system.1.2. Explaining the role of the components of a spinal reflex arc.1.3. Explaining the propagation of a nerve impulse and synaptic transmission.Section 2Page 7-102.1. Discussing how the major endocrine glands and the hormones they produceregulate body functions through their interaction with target tissues.2.2. Explaining how the activities of endocrine glands are regulated.Section 33.1. Discuss the role of the nervous and endocrine systems onPage 10-11temperature regulation, the flight or fight response and blood glucoseregulation.ConclusionPage 11RecommendationsPage 11ReferencesPage 12BibliographyPage 13-15
3Section 11.1The central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS) are the twomajor parts of the nervous system. The brain and spinal cord make up the CNS, whereasperipheral nerves connect the CNS to the body's receptors and effectors. In the diagrambelow, both systems are labelled.Figure 1: (BioNinja,2019)[Accessed 27.01.2022]The forebrain, midbrain, and hindbrain are the three primary sections of the humanbrain.The forebrain is the largest region of the brain, with the cerebrum making up the majority ofit. The thalamus, hypothalamus, and limbic system are other significant forebrain regions. Arange of functions connected to thinking, perceiving, and assessing sensory information isperformed by the forebrain.The mesencephalon, often known as the midbrain, joins the hindbrain and forebrain. Variouscranial nerve nuclei, tectum, tegmentum, colliculi, and crura cerebi make up the midbrain. It'slinked to motor processes, as well as auditory and visual reactions.The medulla, pons, cranial nerves, and back region of the brain termed the cerebellum makeup the hindbrain, also known as the brainstem. The hindbrain is involved in balance andequilibrium, as well as movement coordination and autonomic activities.(Bailey,2019).
4Figure 2: (Brainlab.org,n.d)[Accessed 30.01.2022]The central nervous system (CNS) includesthe spinal cord. From the medulla to the lowerback, the upper part of the spinal cord is located. The brain and brain stem are connected toall of the body's major nerves by the spinal cord. The spinal cord gives rise to spinal nerves,which govern the remainder of the body's functions. There are 31 pairs of nerves in the spine.