Unformatted text preview: reactions) Cofactors : coenzymes (such as FAD and NAD+) and metal ions that help enzymes catalyze a reaction or that carry atoms or molecules stripped from the substrate to another site. Energy carriers : mainly ATP, which readily donates energy to diverse reactions. End products : the substances present at the conclusion of a metabolic pathway....
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- Spring '99
- Enzyme, Chemical reaction, inorganic substances, Metabolic pathway