Liam FlayhartImportant US Supreme Court Cases1803Marburyv.Madisonwas the first instance in which a law passed by Congress wasdeclared unconstitutional. The decision greatly expanded the power of the Court by establishingits right to overturn acts of Congress, a power not explicitly granted by the Constitution.1819McCullochv.Marylandupheld the right of Congress to create a Bank of the United States,ruling that it was a power implied but not enumerated by the Constitution. The case is significantbecause it advanced the doctrine of implied powers, or a loose construction of the Constitution.1857Dred Scottv.Sandfordwas a highly controversial case that intensified the national debateover slavery. The case involved Dred Scott, a slave, who was taken from a slave state to a free
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Dred Scott,American Civil War,Supreme Court of the United States,Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution,repressive Jim Crow