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Nikhil ChowdriHistory 9AStudent ID: 704304513Reading Summary 1This week the majority of the readings focused on the Indus Valley Civilization. Some important overarching ideas had to do with how they extended the timeline of Indian history back to the fourth millennia BCE, how very little is known about how this civilization came to be and met itseventual demise, and how their cities and societies were structured. I will attempt to briefly summarize each of these key concepts over the course of this essay. Prior to the discovery of the Indus Valley Civilization, it was thought that the Indo-Aryan settlerswere the starting point of Indian history on the subcontinent. However, with this new discovery, this put Indian history as far back as those of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. The two cities thatprompted the discovery of this civilization are Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. These two locales are surprisingly analogous considering they are approximately 350 miles apart. They both show asurprising level of city planning and design, unheard of in this region. Streets are composed are