gangs in latin america - Abstract Gang violence is a common...

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Abstract Gang violence is a common problem in developing nations worldwide. This research examines the problem of gang violence in Latin America and its effects to the economy. In Latin America, gang violence has been a chronic feature for a long time, and youth gangs are the new phase of gang violence in this region. Violence and crime in this region have reached levels that can be termed as ‘epidemic.’ The causes of gang violence are varied and are as a result of many factors, these ranges from social, cultural, biological and political. Many of the 33 countries in Latin America exhibit the highest levels of insecurity worldwide, key among them being Guatemala, Honduras, Venezuela and El Salvador. Political violence, homicides, civil wars and domestic violence are common in Latin America. Gang violence has a negative effect on the economic growth potential and development of this region. It strains governmentresources, discourages investment and deterioration of norms and morals in the society, leading to an unproductive population. In addition, gang violence results in other intangible costs to the economy which are difficult to measure, especially in relation to the costs associated with the persons murdered or injured. Gang violence does not only affect the economies of this region but its effects can be felt by other countries outside this region. Considering the negative effects of gang violence, thereis the need to explore a variety of strategies to address the problem. Because there are many causes of this violence, the solutions are varied. These solutions can be directed towards controlling violence and prevention. Economic effects of Gang violence in Latin America Reduced economic man power. Gang violence in Latin America is a situation that is currently spinning out of control and with the continued laxity in security; the sorry state of affairs will only skyrocket. It is common knowledge that gang violence thrives on eliminating obstacles in the form of humans who come in their way of conducting business and having pleasure. In this process lives, are lost. The gangs for example the MS 13 engage in random killings across Honduras in the name of protecting their territory. Any person be it a child, a middle aged man or an old man who is found to be colluding with the law
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enforcement officers in exposing their heinous acts are always executed almost immediately in numerous inhumane manner including beheading, dismembering of the body among other shocking ways. These frequent exterminations pose a great danger to these economies since it is people who drive economies in numerous ways.(Hargedon, 2008) Without these people, the economy is literally paralyzed. Brilliant minds are lost either in the ones joining the gangs and can no longer make use of their knowledge and skills in building the respective nation’s economy or killing the ones already building the economy in one way or another.
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  • Winter '16
  • burnoff
  • Illegal drug trade, Gang, Mara Salvatrucha

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