Study%20Guide - Study Guide Parliament Session Speech from the ThroneOutline for what the session will be about Question period 45 minute opportunity

Study%20Guide - Study Guide Parliament Session Speech from...

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Study Guide Parliament Session Speech from the Throne—Outline for what the session will be about Question period: 45 minute opportunity for opposition attack incumbent party Party discipline , based on soft coercion (i.e. will you have a job next, be part of question period ect) practically guarantees that party members will vote in Blocs Benefits: Allows for more activity that is broader—Helped achieve the welfare state we live in today Some PMs are stricter than others: J Chretien is Strict: 1995 Gun registry, he removes MPs who don’t show up or vote against Legislation Public Bills : Public policies that affect all Canadians, like Income Tax Act or Canadian Health Act—always deals with spending public money Private Bills : introduced by single members or small groups, corperations: Closure: Rule stating that Government can end debate over a bill, used in 1956 Pipeline Bill, eventually got the incumbents kicked out Omnibus Bill: Takes care of several issues at once, 2012 Federal Accountability Act Head Speaker: Enforces and interprets the rules—Standing Orders—of commons, he can choose who is to speak, and decides on whether motions are in order. Historically chosen by Prime Minister (See party discipline)— elected by secret ballot after 1986 Standing Comittees: They examine the Budget estimates, and they analyze legislation at the committee stage. Standing Joint Committee on Scrutiny of Regulations: They regard and regulate smaller legislation doled out by the executive branch each year How the Gov. Works majority PM and Cabinet have monopoly over all financial legislation introduced and virtual monopoly on the stuff that is passed (in majority government) PM and Cabinet can induce Closure and Control Party Discipline Parliament has no real power over cabinet, it can critique and delay their ideas is all—proposing ammendents and raising procedural points
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MPs in Parliament are helped by: Auditor General, Information commissioner, conflicts of interest and ethics commissioner ect. And the Parliamentary Budget Officer (overlooks all financial matters) Minority Government in power is outnumbered by opposition Loose alliance: informal alliance based on reciprocity and promises Formal coalition: opposition members in your cabinet Responsible government: Cabinet must have confidence of parliament or resign— this is mostly a fabricated convention and does not exist on paper. For the government to resign, it has to be defeated on a NONCONFIDENCE motion— Like the Martin Government of 2005 Stephen Harper beat this in 2008 though, by proroguing parliament—First. Parliamentary Reform: McGrath Committee: 1986 elect Speaker by Secret ballot The Senate: Senators appointed by Governor General according to advice of PM Distributed based on Region Because of long appointments, Senate usually seen as reward or safehaven 1929 Persons Act: Women can be in Senate Senate Diversity:
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