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Philosophy Final Exam Review

Philosophy Final Exam Review - PHILOSOPHY FINAL EXAM REVIEW...

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PHILOSOPHY: FINAL EXAM REVIEW ANTIGONE: OEDIPUS------------JOCASTA I Antigone----Ismene----Polyneices----Eteoclos Jocasta – Oedipus’ mother o Jocasta – Laius – got prophecy and ditched son; he ends up returning to hometown trying not to fulfill prophecy (heard from Tresias, a blind seer), and by going actually does fulfill prophecy. By figuring out riddle he gets to marry Jocasta and has 4 kids WAR o Polyneices and Eteoclos supposed to switch every year; Creon, brother of Jocasta, ruled until the sons were old enough as a “Regent” o Polyneices attacks his own city (against Eteoclos because he wouldn’t leave the throne) with an army from Argos Both brothers kill each other – only Eteoclos was buried and Polyneices was left to rot (to remind city of treachery) Chorus represents elders of the city of Thebes (Thebes not really a democracy) o Thus, Chorus doesn’t necessarily represent the city as a whole o Play was put on for Athenians who are a democracy who doesn’t like Thebes Line 455 – not Zeus, not justice o Beginning of ideas of natural laws emerging Creon outraged because he represents the laws of his state and his country is under threat Why did Sophocles narrow down on Polyneices? o Narrows down to family issue (if had to bury thousands it would weaken the argument); represents the larger conflict of beloved family relationship o Antigone asked to put away horror of not burying her brother in respect for the land and the laws of the state (can’t do that) Line 900 – Antigone is so upset because you can’t replace a brother, but you can replace a husband, child, etc. it is not just about FAMILY THEMES o Women, family, honor, standing up for your rights o Antigone v. Creon o Honor & Divine Law v. Human Law o Personal v. Objective Creon didn’t believe that Polyneices deserves divine law o Ultimate punishment to not be allowed to move on Common humanity – although in human interaction via the rules of engagement we ‘can’ kill each other, Creon is arguing that we don’t have to follow divine law in human interaction o In some circumstances human law supercedes divine law o Doomed to be at odds with each other? Antigone expressing individuality by rejecting (objective) law and conformity Ismene very traditional – goes with authority even if against personal [Antigone does what she wants anyway]
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o When Ismene tries to stick up for Antigone, Antigone replies “how dare you” – you realized too late what the right thing was to do, and it was an insult to Antigone o SOCRATES Reward to die (like Antigone) Betrayal of principles Just jumping on the bandwagon; need to commit in DEED and not just WORDS (Ismene) Âte – “disaster,” “destructive force,” “fate” o Moira – destiny destructive fate o Slowly a truth is revealed – was it already written for Creon?
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