literature review - Gender Differences in Academia Gender...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Gender Differences in Academia Gender Differences in Mathematics and Language
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Abstract This paper will be discussing gender differences in academics in the question: are males being smarter than females when it comes to mathematics and females being smarter than males in language. A variety of different studies have been reviewed and discussed upon in length throughout this paper, but all have one common focus, which is that in any level of education, researchers want to prove that there are no gender differences in academia. A wide range of factors were included in these studies such as age, academic level and cultural background and most did have a impact on the results shown.
Image of page 2
The topic of gender differences in academics has constantly debated in many studies and reviews with the common hypothesis that boys are smarter than girls at math and girls are smarter than boys in language. Many authors have found that their findings are commonly partially favoured towards one gender and that there are unique distinctions in why these results are. Several factors are considered when studying this topic and authors are quite wary on the gender biases that may also factor. Some factors include, age, ethnicity, cultural background and academic or grade level, etc. (Hyde et al., 1990; Evans et al., 2002; Skaalvik & Skaalvik, 2004). This paper will investigate why psychological literature thinks that males think differently than girls. It is theorized that males are better at mathematics subjects than females and females are better at language subjects than males. This paper will be reviewing different psychological reviews, studies and meta-analysis in attempts to support and contradict this hypothesis and will also compare their research to one another in attempts to discuss differences and similarities between the reviewed literatures. In a meta-analysis report done by Hyde et al., (1990) at the University of Wisconsin, had reviewed many reviews and studies on gender performance in mathematics and found that many authors concluded that “males perform better on mathematics tests than females” (Hyde et al., 1990, p. 139). They found these conclusions to be
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern