CHEM150-761GuestLecture

CHEM150-761GuestLecture - Guest Lecture Guest Lecture: Ray...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Guest Lecture Guest Lecture: Ray Moling Monsanto   focus on biotechnology US multinational company, operations in 90 cultures Used to be a plastics/chemicals company, then moved into agriculture area in the 70s In the 90s   Pharmaceutical, chemical and agricultural business  Today Monsanto is essentially an agricultural business – sold pharmaceutical and food  additives sectors  Dominant force in agricultural biotechnology, but quite a small company Theme of lecture: plant biotechnology brings solutions to “our” needs for food, feed and the new  demands for alternatives to fossil fuel based products  Movement in the industry toward weed controls, insect controls etc.   anything that competes  with farmers for their crops  Pressure to make pesticides safer Got involved with genetics of plants (GM foods aka “plant biotechnology”) Seed technology   alter the genetics in the seed  o Very easy for farmers to use, all they do is plant it o With herbicides need to know how to use them, store them, etc.  Elements of the Perfect Storm Global warming process   climate change  Health care crisis   obesity etc. some people have lots of food, others don’t  Energy availability/pricing/security   unhook from fossil fuels
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o Finite supply of oil, need alternatives to fossil fuel Diminishing supplies of secure, ample, clean fresh water o Lack of access to fresh water (not an issue for Canada yet) Land for agriculture o Movement to find ways of preparing more land for use Agriculture is a renewable resource  Sunrise industry of the 21 st  century  Biotechnology is the way to efficient agriculture Without an increase in farm productivity, additional 1.6 billion hectares of arable land will be  needed in 2050 o Ex. Africa will have to increase food production by 300% o Ex. north America will have to increase food production by 30% o About 30,000 people (half children) die every day due to hunger o Nearly 740 million go to bed hungry every day o “in the next 50 years, mankind will consume as much food as we have consumed  since the beginning of agriculture 10,000 years ago” we have to produce more food with less land, less water and less chemicals  Crop Evolution and Human Civilization GM crops were introduced in Canada in 1995 Canada, US and Argentina first countries to get approval to plant GM foods  The number of different GM crops grown in Canada is: 4 o Canola, soy bean, corn, small amounts of potatoes
Background image of page 2
o Other crops have been approved by they aren’t grown yet in Canada
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course CHEM 150 taught by Professor Shwartz during the Spring '08 term at McGill.

Page1 / 11

CHEM150-761GuestLecture - Guest Lecture Guest Lecture: Ray...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online