INTL 240 - STUDY GUIDE - Ideologies Feudal corporatist...

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IdeologiesDevelopment Model for the worldFeudal corporatist ideology ~~ developmentmodel-Classical Conservatism-Not individual, not cultural group-In born status group: gender, race-A God-given order -Status by inheritance (family is rich → youhave status)-Not controlled by feudal lords, under overlords (kings)-Peasant = slave-Trade restricted-Impossible to move up in society -Rise of bourgeoisie: peasant become middle class and unsatisfied with the king’s rule-Rise of new ethnic/ class-Free individuals-Status by achievement-Relative social equality -Law = universal, impersonal-Free-er trade-Change should be made constantly 1st Break: Feudal holes, this worldly asceticism, and rise of capitalism-Deny pleasure and enjoyment → work hard and save -Removing cultural obstacles to money profit for own sake-Clear bath to birth of capitalism-Clear out restrictive rules like sin, corn laws, blue lawsClassical Liberalism ideology~~ Neo-Liberal Theory developmentmodel-Not status group, individual = primary-Free and equal individuals-All has same inherent rights-Basic of democracy (right to vote)-Politics and state exists to protect rights of individuals-State should be minimal-Reduce taxes/ Free market-Reduce public spending services-Government does minimum role-Public goods best allocated by markets-Encourage foreign investment-All actors are maximized and rational regardless of history, culture, race, ethnicity, religionClassical Conservatism ideology ~~ East Asian Developmental State (EADS)-Against liberalism: power in status group, no more individual-Nature status group order-Groups have rights and duties to each other-Fit to rule should rule, but must protect children -change should be incremental and guided by government, but need to protect individualism-traditional must be reserved 1.In Contemporary democraciesa.Rule by highly educatedb.Emphasis on charitable givingc.Control of mediad.Voters should know what they knowe.The role of “noble lie”2.Singapore and Confucian orderly technologya.growth of industry, education, and human services like housing
-Liberty without objective or goal is anarchyb.Very strict laws on moral orderc.weak limited political d.trade unrestrictede.Rule by the learned3.China and Confucian orderly authoritarianisma.Rule by the wise4.United Arab Emirates and orderly monarchisma.fully into economic controlb.Values at the heart of social order5.ISIS and orderly Islamism 4a.resistance to liberalism6.President Trump→ IN SHORT-Shared values based on traditions, heritage and group identity -Leadership in the hands of people who, by birth, or upbringing, are fit to rule and know how to rule-Natural status group hierarchy-People need the guidance of those with great wisdom and experience -Social solidarity is the basis for shared sacrifice-Change can happen, but it must be built off and respect tradition and heritageSocialism ideology~~ culturelopment model-Everyone should be equal and on the same class-Vertical-class hierarchy-Extension of class power-

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