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Cause and Effects of WWI and WWII1Causes and Effects of WWI and WWII
Cause and Effects of WWI and WWII2The Cause and Effects of WWI and WWIIThe beginning of World War I has been a mystery until today. No historian could actually tell how and when the war actually began. The reasons for the war were also very unclear, tensions for World War, it was thought to have started building before 1914, and that it was a struggle for power that caused the war. The main causes for the outbreak of World War II were from the Great Depression, which swept across the whole world in the 1930s, and conditions which were created by the peace settlements after World War I. The depression resulted in the rise of militaristic and totalitarian governments in Italy, Germany and Japan. World War I, also known as the Great War was a military conflict, from 1914 to 1918. The primary causes of World War I was the intense nationalism that spread throughout Europe in the late 19th and 20th centuries, the political and economic rivalry among nations, particularly among Germany, France, Great Britain, Russia, and Austria-Hungary. (World War I, 2013) The Great War began as a European war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia on July 28, 1914. The immediate cause of the war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia was the assassination of, Archduke Francis Ferdinand by Gavrilo Princip, a Serb nationalist on 28 June 1914. The war escalated into European struggle after Austria declared war on Serbia. This resulted in Russia partially mobilizing against Austria. Germany warned Russia that if they continued mobilize that it would lead to a war with Germany, and made Austria agree to discuss with Russia possible modification of the
Cause and Effects of WWI and WWII3ultimatum to Serbia. Russia declined to demobilize at Germany’s demand and on August 1, 1914, Germany declared war on Russia. (World War I, n.d.) This caused a chain reaction of declarations of wars. On 2 Aug 1914, Germany traversed Luxembourg and on 3 August, declared war on France. The Belgium government refused to permit the passage of the German troops because it violated the Treaty of 1839. The Treaty of 1839, guaranteed the neutrality of Belgium in case of a conflict in which Great Britain, France, and Germany were involved. On 4 August, Great Britain sent an ultimatum to Germany demanding that Belgian neutrality be respected; when Germany refused, Britain declared war. This eventually became a global war involving 32 nations. Twenty-eight of these nations were known as Allies and the Associated Powers, and included the nations Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and the U.S. The Central Powers opposed the coalition and, consisted of the nations of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, and Bulgaria. (World War I, n.d.) From 1914-1915, military operations in Europe began on three major fronts: the western, or the Franco-Belgian; the eastern or the Russian, and the Southern or Serbian fronts. When Turkey entered the War in November 1914, on the side of the Central Powers fighting took place between Turkey and Great Britain at the Dardanellesand in Turkish-held Mesopotamia. In May 1915, the Austro-Italian front was established