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Midterm Essay1Describe George Washington's role in the Revolutionary War, including his leadership, strategies, and relationship with the Continental Army and with Congress. Provide an analysis of the factors that made his generalship successful. In June 1773, George Washington was selected to be the commander of the Continental Army. Washington was selected on his reputation during the French and Indian war. Washington became a great general by understanding the economic and political issues related to military power. George Washington knew for the Continental Army to be successful in the field they had to be dependent on the support of the civilian government. He faced shortages of men, weapons, and other supplies, and his troops would go without pay for long periodsof time. However, George Washington never defied the will of Congress, nor did he everuse his immense popularity to appeal directly to the people. However, at the same time he faced the challenge of maintaining his troops’ loyalty not only to him, but also to the civilian authority and the law. (PBS.org) George Washington had a good understanding of the geographic factors affecting the use of military power. He was very careful to never let his troops be bottled up without a way to retreat. Washington's strategy was a defensive and consequently had to be shaped by countering British moves. Washington was aware of his weakness to protect specific locations against the superior British forces. Early George Washington thought, an effective defensive strategy was to maintain a series of fortifications or “posts.” Washington decided later that a movable army was less vulnerable and more effective. He also understood the important role of naval power along the Atlantic coast of the thirteen colonies. He was always careful to consider the threat of the British navy and realized the enormous importance of getting the help of the French navy.Stewart, R. (2005). American Military History Volum I; The United States Army and the Forging of a Nation 1775-1917.Washington D.C.: Defense Dept., Army, Center of Military History.Pbs.org (1996) Rediscovering George Washington . Classroom: George Washington asMilitary Leader | PBS. [online] Available at: [Accessed: 1 Apr2013].
Midterm Essay11.Evaluate the effectiveness of American military strategy and organization during the War of 1812.