July 2o - 7/20/06 Rousseau saw modern society as a...

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7/20/06 Rousseau saw modern society as a degregration of our natural human nature. . He believes that society is epitomized by extreme isolation which he calls alienation. He thinks that comes about by the extreme focus on status. In the state of nature, we are free. When we begin to create societies, out of the need for cooperation we produce interdependence which causes us to lose some of our autonomy. The inauthentic self is the standard. So you end up the irony that despite that we have relationships based on economics the substantive relations are not there. Two fundamental principles: 1). Natural laws: instinct for self-preservation 2) empathy Both are not rational What happens in society is that we begin to lose the ability to feel pity for others (ex. Class differences). On the origins of inequality: Certain natural characteristics which natural man has: 1&2 . Reason is not primary. Individuals do not need others in this situation, so we are much like other animals. In addition to the other two which makes us different: 1) free choice despite being driven by our appetites 2) We also have the capacity for self-improvement (the ability to learn). He says that this faculty has been the
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course POL SCI 10 taught by Professor Sabl during the Summer '07 term at UCLA.

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July 2o - 7/20/06 Rousseau saw modern society as a...

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