Active Learning.docx - 1 Why Active Learning is Better than...

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1Why Active Learning is Better than Passive LearningStudent's NameInstitutional AffiliationCourseInstructorDate
2Why Active Learning is Better than Passive LearningIntroductionActive learning refers to a teaching strategy in which the instructor engages the studentsin the learning process in class. The method employed by the instructor entails bringing thestudents to work together in-class sessions, during the group discussions, individual work, orreflection. The approaches used in active learning or teaching involve discussions, journalwriting, role plays, case studies, problem-solving, and forms of structured team-based learningtechniques. In contrast to active learning, the passive learning approach is a traditional method oflearning in which the students passively receive the knowledge from the instructor, tutor, orexpert. In a higher learning institution such as a university or a college, students stand the bestchances of achieving great success through engaging in active learning than passive learning. Ina classroom or a lecture environment, the students take part in the teaching process through note-taking, asking questions, keenly listening to the lecturer, and following the lecture's presentedslides. While the primary goal of active and passive learning is to achieve excellent performance,the core features, including the retention of study materials, note-taking, critical thinking,metacognition, and problem-solving ability, makes active learning much better than passive, asillustrated in this essay.Promotes retention of lecture materialsActive learning is an effective learning method because it enables the students to retainmost lecture materials. It allows encoding the information received in class into long-termmemory to be retrieved during personal study hours. The active approach to learning improvesstudents' ability to think critically and improve their problem-solving skills (Colthorpe et al.,
32018). The anatomical representation of the human brain makes it limited in processinginformation from the short-term memory; if the students deviate from active learning, the datastored in the short-term memory finally disappears. Therefore, every student participates in thedynamic learning approach to transform short-term memory into long-term memory. Studentscan encode the stored into the long-term memory through different techniques; one such standardprocedure is note-taking while doing studies as postulated by Cornell in his note-taking method.The note-taking technique has been shown to improve the student's understanding andcomprehension of the study materials and encode the read information into long-term memory.Note-taking also enables the students to add important information on top of what is taught inclass from other sources such as books, journals, and other online sources. Cornel's note-takingmethod employs reflection, elaborative rehearsal, and review to understand the course content(Dealey, 2020). When students reflect on what they were taught in class, it helps them draw tiesbetween the concepts learned and adopt a recovery approach from the long-term memory.

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Term
Spring
Professor
CraigJamesForsyth
Tags
Cooperative Active Learning

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