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Study Guide Exam 3

Study Guide Exam 3 - PSY 2012 Study Guide for Exam 3...

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PSY 2012: Study Guide for Exam 3 Chapter 11: Intelligence & Intelligence Testing Important terms from the lectures and the text: Intelligence The ability to learn from experience, solve problems, adapt to new situations. The Flynn Effect Global increase in intelligence over the last 50 years, thought to be due to better nutrition, more experience with taking tests, people being in school longer, more weight placed on academics. Positive Eugenics Encouraging those with desirable qualities to reproduce. Negative Eugenics Preventing those with undesirable qualities to reproduce. Intelligence is the ability to do what? The ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and successfully adapt to new situations . Charles Spearman proposed a two-factor model for intelligence. What is “g”? What is “s”? What statistical technique did Spearman use to calculate his factors? He used factor analysis which uses g-general ability and a s-special ability. What is the important characteristic of Gardner’s theory of intelligence? What are the different types of intelligences that Gardner identified? That different types of intelligence are controlled independently. Different Types are Linguistic, Mathematical, Spatial, Musical, Body (Kinesthical), Intrapersonal and Interpersonal. Robert Sternberg proposed the Triachic Theory of Intelligence. In his theory, Sternberg proposed three types on intelligence. Be able to list and briefly define each of them. Analytic Intelligence – Use of mental steps to solve problems. Creative Intelligence – Use of experience in ways that foster insight. Practical Intelligence – Ability to adapt to the contexts of everyday life. What does research on the heritability of intelligence tell us? That it is very heritable and usually outweighs nurture. Alfred Binet developed standardized tests for school children in Paris. How did Binet originally calculate a child’s intellectual functioning? What is the problem with this method? He divided the mental age of a
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child with their actual age. The problem is that it doesn’t hold true for adults as mental age doesn’t change as much. What is the most widely used intelligence test today? Who created the original version of this test? David Wechlser created the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) During our discussion of racial/cultural bias on intelligence tests, we examined the finding that African-American students, in general, score 100 points lower on the SATs than Caucasian students. Be familiar with the debate on this topic, and be able to identify the factor(s) that best account(s) for this finding. Some factors: White Male Test Makers, Socioeconomic Status (Less Access to better schooling).
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