Origins of the Cold War - Communications 150 Announcements...

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Communications 150 March 30, 1999 Announcements: None. Lecture Notes: I. Origins of the Cold War The war begin unofficially in 1917 with the Bolshevik's rise to power It ended in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the fall of the Berlin Wall Hollywood studios openly supported the New Deal o They wanted level prosperity to compensate for the Depression o There was active resistance to anything left of the New Deal o Reform was necessary, revolution was out of the question II. The House Committee on Un-American Activities Any leftward sentiment was considered communist This committee investigated people in Hollywood with leftward tendencies III. Depression Era Comedy: Ninotchka Film directed by Ernst Lubich Greta Garbo plays a Soviet official o She is stiff and robotic at first o Capitalism and the luxuries of consumerism warm her heart People were seen as selfish until they experience democracy Film suggested there was room for leftward tendencies IV. McCarthy and the Hollywood Ten Cold War tensions escalated again after WWII The U. S. feared the rise of labor unions, which were susceptible to influences of communism
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24 friendly witnesses were called before the House Committee on Un- American Activities (HUAC) Ex. Ronald Reagan, Walt Disney 11 unfriendly witnesses were brought unwillingly to the committee o Many had flirted with the ideas of communism but had gone back o One witness fled o The ten left (Hollywood Ten) were labeled communists and denied employment in Hollywood Studio personnel got together at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York and formulated the Waldorf Statement o Developed 3 sanctions: The Hollywood ten were suspended without pay Employment was denied to people who did not comply with HUAC They won't hire communists o
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