Psychopharmacology – PSYC 100_ Principles of Psychology F21.pdf

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12/1/21, 12:35 PMPsychopharmacology – PSYC 100: Principles of Psychology F211/2016. PsychopharmacologyOriginal chapter by Susan Barron adapted by by theQueen’s University Psychology DepartmentThis Open Access chapter was originally written for the NOBA project.Information on the NOBA project can be found below.We encourage students to use the “Three-Step Method” for support in theirlearning. Please ±nd our version of the Three-Step Method, created in collabo-ration with Queen’s Student Academic Success Services, at the following link:Psychopharmacology is the study of how drugs affect behavior. If a drugchanges your perception, or the way you feel or think, the drug exerts effectson your brain and nervous system. We call drugs that change the way you
12/1/21, 12:35 PMPsychopharmacology – PSYC 100: Principles of Psychology F212/20think or feel psychoactive or psychotropic drugs, and almost everyone hasused a psychoactive drug at some point (yes, caffeine counts). Understandingsome of the basics about psychopharmacology can help us better understanda wide range of things that interest psychologists and others. For example, thepharmacological treatment of certain neurodegenerative diseases such asParkinson’s disease tells us something about the disease itself. The pharmaco-logical treatments used to treat psychiatric conditions such as schizophreniaor depression have undergone amazing development since the 1950s, and thedrugs used to treat these disorders tell us something about what is happeningin the brain of individuals with these conditions. Finally, understanding some-thing about the actions of drugs of abuse and their routes of administrationcan help us understand why some psychoactive drugs are so addictive. In thismodule, we will provide an overview of some of these topics as well as discusssome current controversial areas in the ±eld of psychopharmacology.Learning ObjectivesHow do the majority of psychoactive drugs work in the brain?How does the route of administration affect how rewarding a drug mightbe?Why is grapefruit dangerous to consume with many psychotropicmedications?Why might individualized drug doses based on genetic screening behelpful for treating conditions like depression?Why is there controversy regarding pharmacotherapy for children, adoles-cents, and the elderly?IntroductionPsychopharmacology, the study of how drugs affect the brain and behavior, isa relatively new science, although people have probably been taking drugs tochange how they feel from early in human history (consider the of eating fer-mented fruit, ancient beer recipes, chewing on the leaves of the cocaine plant

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Term
Winter
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Principles of Psychology, Recreational drug use, Psychoactive drug

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