Unit 1 - Unit 1 Chapter 2 The Planting of English America...

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Unit 1: Chapter 2 The Planting of English America Context Columbian Exchange: Age of Exploration, 17 th Century saw the manifestation of Columbus’ discovery of the New World via the Columbian Exchange Caribbean and Brazilian sugar plantations where were predominantly Spanish owned Spain in Florida to New Mexico, used African and Latino on this land France in Quebec England on the Atlantic Seaboard (Virginia) How England Gained Empire Religious Wars: Catholics vs. Puritans vs. Protestants vs. Anglicans(won) Protestantism/Anglican Church under Queen Elizabeth Crushing of Irish Catholic uprisings in 1570s and 1580s o see later Declaratory Acts (Irish tactics) British “sea dogs,” Sir Walter Raleigh, Spanish Armada’s defeat Impetus for English Emigration Explosive population growth as a result of the Golden Age Rise of tenant farming and landlessness (enclosure) Economic depression of wool trade, in which many Puritans worked Laws of primogeniture: only the first son inherits the land, economic determinism; younger sons came to America Jamestown Joint stock company named the Virginia company King James I’s royal charter Granted rights of Englishmen: justification for revolution when rights are taken away Landed in 1607 on malarial-infested banks of James River John Smith: “He who shall not work shall not eat,” o Saved the colonists from total destruction “Starving time”: winter of 1609-1610, Powhatan saved them by teaching them agriculture Lord De La Warr arrives as new governor with marital law and attacks Powhatan (Irish tactics) Powhatan’s Confederacy Loose confederacy of James River Indian tribes Tensions rose between Indians and colonists over food supply De La Warr’s “Irish tactics”
Marriage of Pocahontas and John Rolfe marks end of First Anglo-Powhatan War in 1614 Results of Powhatan’s defeat in 2 nd War—banishment from ancestral land in Chesapeake and segregation from whites Ultimately victim to three D’s—disease, disorganization, and disposability Virginia Prospers Tobacco is King Cash-crop, but soil exhausting “Tobacco’s But and Indian Weed” https:// app.showevidence.com /content/edit/id/1198591 Symbolic 1619: first African slaves and first established government in colonies (House of Burgesses) Virginia as “seminary of sedition” (King James I) Maryland Founded in 1634 by Lord Baltimore, prominent in English Catholic Safehaven for Catholics Feudal domain master design—sons of primogeniture English Catholic planter aristocracy vs. backcountry Protestant farmers and indentured servants Tobacco Act of Toleration: served to protect Catholic minority The Role of the West Indies “Great Migration” Sugarcane lifeblood of Caribbean Production required extensive land, labor, and involved process—African slaves used Barbados slave code how can a minority control a majority slave population?

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